Adolf Hitler, a charismatic speaker fueled by Germany’s poor economy and resentment over the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles at the end of WWI, gained significant political stature in the early 1930s. In an election held in July 1932, his National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) won 230 governmental seats. Along with the Communist Party of Germany (KPD), the next largest party, the Nazis made up over half of the Reichstag.

In January 1933, President Paul von Hindenburg named Adolf Hitler Chancellor (Reichskanzler) of Germany.