“Auschwitz gate june 2005” by Muu-karhu. Wikimedia Commons
The name Auschwitz , referring to a network of concentration camps in Nazi-occupied Poland, evokes the memory of the holocaust, one of the most evil episodes in history.
- Auschwitz I was constructed to meet the influx of Polish political prisoners in May 1940.
- Auschwitz II-Birkenau, was a concentration/extermination camp beginning in September 1941.
- Auschwitz III–Monowitz was a factory labor camp for IG Farben, and 45 satellite camps.
From early 1942 until late 1944, an estimated 1.1 million prisoners (~90% Jewish) were gassed to death with Zyklon B at Auschwitz.
Warning: This video is very distressing: