In April 1951 UN forces fought the Chinese Peoples Volunteer Army at the Battle of Kapyong in one of the most famous actions fought by the Australian, New Zealand and Canadian armies in the Korean War.

In the battle, occurring during the Chinese Spring Offensive, the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade blocked the advance of the Chinese Army on a key route south to recapturing Seoul.

Just two battalions off the Commonwealth Brigade stopped an entire Chinese division during the hard-fought defensive battle.