JAPANESE BOMBS FIRE OPEN CITY OF MANILA; CIVILIAN TOLL HEAVY
New York Times
December 28, 1941
Manila’s populace clambered yesterday for the return of United States Army after more than three hours of destructive bombing by the Japanese, who ignored the American proclamation declaring it an open city. Secretary of State Hull termed the attack, which caused extensive fires, a consistent example of Japanese methods of cruelty practiced elsewhere.