Nazi Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels established a film department in 1930 to ensure that the German film industry promoted Aryan philosophy. In 1937, the Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda (Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda) hosted an exhibition of ‘degenerate art” in Munich entitled Der ewige Jude (The eternal Jew).  Shortly thereafter,  a book  of 265 photographs captioned with anti-semitic remarks was published.

In 1940, the motion picture Der Ewige Jude, consisting of feature and documentary footage combined with film shot after the Nazi occupation of Poland, was presented as a “documentary.”