Georgia O’Keeffe (1887–1986), a pioneer of American modernism, is renowned for her paintings of flowers, skyscrapers, animal skulls and southeastern landscapes.

New York City with Moon (1925)

Moving to New Mexico after the death of her photographer husband Alfred Stieglitz, she was inspired to create numerous landscape paintings. Some of her most famous artwork involved large-scale close-ups of flowers such as:

Petunia No. 2 (1925)

Black Iris (1926)

Oriental Poppies (1928)

Cow’s skull (1931)

Patio with black door (1945)

In the 1940s, O’Keeffe’s work was displayed at the Art Institute of Chicago and at the New York Museum of Modern Art, where it was the museum’s first retrospective of a female artist’s work.