With the UN Operation Ripper in March 1951, Seoul changed hands for the 4th time.

Following the 8-day, late February offensive of Operation Killer that pushed PVA/KPA forces north of the Han River, Operation Ripper was intended to destroy the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army and the Korean People’s Army forces around Seoul and the towns of Hongch’on and Chuncheon.

Conceived by General Matthew Ridgway, Operation Ripper aimed to bring UN troops to the 38th Parallel.

Courtesy of the United States Military Academy Department of History