In 1953 Hugh Hefner and Eldon Sellers founded Playboy Magazine featuring Marilyn Monroe as its first cover girl and nude centerfold.

Although best known for its centerfolds of nude and semi-nude models known as playmates, Playboy has published short stories by novelists such as Arthur C. ClarkeIan FlemingVladimir NabokovSaul BellowChuck PalahniukP. G. Wodehouse,Roald DahlHaruki Murakami, and Margaret Atwood.

The magazine also showcased notable cartoonists, including Harvey KurtzmanJack ColeEldon DediniJules FeifferShel Silverstein, Erich Sokol, Roy RaymondeGahan Wilson, and Rowland B. Wilson.

Source: Wikipedia