The civil war between Chinese Nationalists and Communists, begun in 1927, was put on hold during the fight against Imperial Japan in WWII. After the Japanese surrender in August 1945, the Chinese Communist Party and the Nationalists agreed to peace talks and a ceasefire. In July of 1946, however, the Nationalist (Kuomintang) leader Chiang Kai-shek launched […]
All nations glorify death in combat, but Imperial Japan probably more than most. For example, most American movies made during WWII depicted heroic US soldiers defeating the enemy (think John Wayne). But Imperial Japanese movies made during wartime (e.g. Chocolate & Soldiers, made in 1938 during the China Conflict) often depicted the heroic sacrifice of their protagonists. This […]
A list of modern mass murderers and the estimated number of people killed by their orders (excluding enemy armies). Mao Ze-Dong (China, 1958-61 and 1966-69, Tibet 1949-50) 49-78,000,000 Adolf Hitler (Germany, 1939-1945) 12,000,000 (concentration camps and civilians deliberately killed in WWII plus 3 million Russian POWs left to die) Leopold II of Belgium (Congo, […]
After years of isolation, immigration from Japan was legalized in 1885 and about 1000 people left Japan to perform contracted work on sugar plantations in Hawaii. Although contract immigration was prohibited in the mainland United States, many “free immigrants” arrived, paying their own passage. Other countries with significant Japanese immigration around the turn of the century […]
THE SITUATION IN THE FAR EAST (時局圖), cerca 1900, a symbolic work by Tse Tsan-tai (1872-1939 ) may help put the various diplomatic and imperialistic maneuvers of the 1930s into historical context.
The Ginger Tree, written from the point of view of a young Scottish woman, provides intriguing insights into Japanese culture.
RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR 1904-05 After her isolation was forcibly ended by the U.S. Navy in 1853, Japan rapidly assimilated western technology and developed a strong military. A stunning victory in the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, brought Imperial Japan recognition as the only non-white, predominantly non-Christian, military power in the world. Although lauded by many other non-white […]