Zippo Lighter Manufacture of the American Zippo lighter was inspired by the Austrian cigarette lighter made from spent ammunition shells by IMCO. The IMCO lighter was used by German troops throughout WWII. IMCO lighter The American Zippo Manufacturing Company produced their first lighter in 1933. After America’s entry into WWII, Zippo stopped production for the American consumer and […]
Nazi Germany enacted >2,000 anti-Jewish measures 1933 The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service legalized firing “non-Aryan” government employees Most “non-Aryan” students were barred from attending German schools and forbidden to take final state exams for many occupations 1935 The Nuremberg Race Laws stripped Jews of their citizenship and denied the right […]
“The receptivity of the great masses is very limited, their intelligence is small, but their power of forgetting is enormous. In consequence of these facts, all effective propaganda must be limited to a very few points and must harp on these slogans until the last member of the public understands what you want him to […]
After gaining control of the government in the early 1930s, the Nazis radically altered Germany’s educational system. History was re-written along the intolerant lines of Aryan beliefs. Old texts, non-conforming teachers, clergy and many parents were pushed aside. Naïve youth, mesmerized by rhetoric telling them that they, and not their parents, were the future of Germany eagerly […]
This heavy-handed 1933 Soviet propaganda cartoon is quite disturbing, but unfortunately reflects some aspects of our society at the time. Although we’ve come a long way since then, recent inner-city riots remind us that racism is still a significant problem in the USA.
In the 1930s, most european radio stations were controlled by a government monopoly with emphasis on political programs. When Hitler came to power in 1933, the Reich Broadcasting Corporation became the major propaganda vehicle for the Nazi party. From 1933-39, the Nazi government subsidized the manufacture of over 7 million affordable Volksempfänger (people’s radio […]
With undocumented belief that an arm stretched forward with palm facing down was an ancient Roman military salutation, Italian Fascists first adopted it, then the Nazis. (Ironically, the original American Pledge of Allegiance was similar until changed to hand over the heart). The Nazi salute Deutscher Gruß (German Salute)) was reminiscent of a social greeting used among medieval German civilians. […]
Beginning in 1933, the Reich Culture Chamber (composed of chambers for film, music, theater, press, writing , fine arts and radio) regulated all aspects of German culture. Denouncing modern, innovative art as “degenerate” or ‘Bolshevist,” Nazi artists such as Arthur Kampf and Adolf Ziegler glorified the peasantry, “Aryans” and military heroism. German architects such as Paul Troost and Albert Speer […]
This is a great link describing Driver Education in Nazi Germany: Whoa, Driving Around In Nazi Germany Was Super Intense.
“Brother national socialist, do you know that your Führer is against smoking and thinks that every German is responsible to the whole people for all his deeds and omissions, and does not have the right to damage his body with drugs?” “Nazi Germany was governed by a health-conscious political elite bent on European conquest and […]
As the mother of four sons on active duty, the First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt became an important symbol of patriotism during WWII. She insisted that the White House practice the same food and gas rationing system as the rest of the country, participated in air raid drills and learned how to use a gas mask. In her volunteer wartime […]
In the late 19th century, the concept of an “Aryan” race proposed that the descendants of Indo-European language speakers constituted a distinct sub-race of Caucasians. Although originally intended only as a linguistic classification, proponents of white supremacism (e.g. Nazis) claimed that the Aryan race was a master race. In his 1922 book Rassenkunde des […]
The German Volksgerichtshof (People’s Court) was established in 1934 by Chancellor Adolf Hitler to function outside the constitutional legal framework. The Volksgerichtshof had jurisdiction over a large number of political offenses, including black marketing, work slowdowns, defeatism and treason against the Third Reich. These crimes, viewed as undermining military capacity were punished severely, frequently by execution.
In the midst of the Depression, the popular novel Lost Horizon, written by James Hilton in 1933, depicted Shangri-La, a fictional utopian community, hidden in the mountains of Tibet.
Who can forget this animated 1933 film, featuring the iconic King Kong, battling an airplane atop the Empire State building?
The Chicago World’s Fair, known as the “Century of Progress Exposition” opened in 1933 with photoelectric lights powered by the rays of the star Arcturus. With more than 48 million visitors over two years, the Fair honored past scientific achievements and provided a fascinating view into the future.
In 1933, citing security issues in Manchukuo, the Japanese attacked the Great Wall region, annexing Rehe province and a demilitarized zone between the Great Wall and Beiping-Tianjin region. The result was creation of a buffer region between Manchukuo and the Chinese Nationalist government in Nanjing.
In February 1933, Giuseppe Zangara, a bricklayer who didn’t “like no peoples,” shot five people in Miami in an attempt to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt. Sentenced to 80 years imprisonment for attempted murder, Zangara was quickly retried when one victim, Chicago Mayor Anton Cernak, died. Only 5 weeks after the attempted assassination, Zangara was […]
Bunraku, a traditional puppet theatre begun in Osaka in 1684, is accompanied by chanting and the musical instrument shamisen. Three cloaked puppeteers, appearing in full view of the audience, bring each puppet to life.
This song was composed by Jerome Kern and Otto Harbach for the 1933 operetta Roberta. The first popular recording was this rendition by the Paul Whiteman Orchestra with Bob Lawrence on vocal, However, I think it’s hard to beat the great 1958 rendition by the Platters.
Upon election, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt immediately began to institute a series of aggressive governmental actions designed to ameliorate the Great Depression. To calm the public and gain support for his New Deal programs, he gave folksy “Fireside Chats” over the radio.
Midst the Great Depression, the beloved comedian Jimmy Durante, known as the Schnozzola for his big nose, passionately promotes the National Recovery Act.
In 1933, the 21st Amendment was ratified, ending the increasingly unpopular nationwide prohibition of alcohol.
Emerging from the Depression, Imperial japan was moving full speed ahead as a major air and naval power in the Pacific.
Adolf Hitler, a charismatic speaker fueled by Germany’s poor economy and resentment over the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles at the end of WWI, gained significant political stature in the early 1930s. In an election held in July 1932, his National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) won 230 governmental seats. Along with the Communist Party […]
When the League of Nations issued a statement admonishing Japan for aggression in Manchuria, the Japanese delegation stunned the world by walking out of the Geneva assembly in February 1933. The exit of Yosuke Matsukoa and his staff was met with mingled hisses and applause from the gallery.
Promising a “New Deal“, the charismatic Franklin Delano Roosevelt won all but six states in the Presidential election of 1932. In his inauguration speech, he declared: “Let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is, fear itself...”