Kraft Durch Freude
October 8, 2015
Kraft durch Freude  (Strength through Joy, abbreviated KdF), was a program operated by the state-owned German Labour Front (Deutsche Arbeitsfront) that provided leisure activities for ordinary workers. To exemplify solidarity under National Socialism, passengers on KdF cruises, regardless of social status, drew lots for allocation of accomodations. Recently, controversy has arisen over plans to renovate a huge unfinished KdF recreational resort known as the "Colossus of Prora"  (pictured below) on the island of Rügen that was neglected by the former German Democratic Republic after WWII.
American Isolationism
June 6, 2012
Isolationists, feeling secure in the separation from other nations by vast oceans, believed the USA should not become involved in foreign wars. The NYE Committee Hearings from 1934-36 reviewed the relationship between the U.S. government and the munitions and shipbuilding industries, war profits and the background events leading up to U.S. entry into WWI. The committee documented huge profits made by arms manufacturers during the war, and implied that many other industries and banks profited as well. In 1936, the Senate cut off committee funding after Chairman Nye  claimed that the late President Woodrow Wilson withheld essential information from Congress as it debated entering WWI.
Japan Rejects Arms Treaties
March 12, 2012
In December 1934, Japan denounced the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930. Japan will declare its complete withdrawal from all arms treaties in December 1936.
Cuba Released from US Protectorate Status
March 9, 2012
In 1934, the USA released Cuba from its protectorate status that had begun in 1903 after the Spanish-American War.
Japanese November Incident
March 7, 2012
In 1934, a group of Imperial Japanese Army cadets cadets and two army officers of the radical militarist Imperial Way Faction (Kōdōha) were arrested for planning a coup d'état. The founder of the Kōdōha Sadao Araki and his protégé promoted the ancient samurai bushido code with ideas similar to European fascism.The Kōdōha desired a return to an idealized Imperial Japan, purged of corrupt bureaucrats, politicians, and greedy zaibatsu capitalists, over which the Emperor Showa would rule with military assistance. Although not convicted for lack of evidence,  the cadets were expelled from the Academy and the officers were suspended from duty for six months.
March 5, 2012
Alcatraz Island (known as the "rock") became a federal prison in 1934. Over the next three decades, it held many infamous prisoners, including  Al Capone, Robert Franklin Stroud (the Birdman of Alcatraz), George "Machine Gun" Kelly,  Mickey Cohen and Arthur R. "Doc" Barker. The 1962 film, The Birdman of Alcatraz, starred Burt Lancaster as the infamous prisoner Stroud.
Japanese Ultranationalists
March 2, 2012
Based on rumor, ultranationalists in the Ministry of Justice accused Finance Ministry officials and members of Prime Minister Makoto Saitō's cabinet of bribery in the purchase of Taiwanese bank shares at artificially low prices.  With the arrest of several of his cabinet ministers, Prime Minister Saitō dissolved his government. Although all of the defendants were ultimately found innocent, and no financial irregularities were documented, public confidence in liberal democracy was seriously undermined and the ultranationalist position was further strengthened.
John Dillinger Killed
February 24, 2012
Gunned down by federal agents outside a movie theater in 1934,  the notoriously colorful bank robber John Dillinger has captured the public's undying imagination as evidenced by the number of songs written about him.
Pu Yi – Puppet Emperor of Manchukuo
February 22, 2012
The Last Emperor, directed by Bernardo Bertolucci, was a lush epic film of Pu Yi's life. Pu Yi, the abdicated Xuantong Emperor of China's last (Qing) dynasty, was declared the emperor of the puppet state of Manchukuo by Imperial Japan in 1934. His rule lasted until the end of the war in 1945.  
Plot to Overthrow FDR
February 20, 2012
https://youtu.be/2pSOekHA8OQ This controversial video describes an alleged plot, backed by corporate leaders to overthrow the left-leaning government of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. During the 1934 investigation by the Special Committee on Un-American Activities (predecessor to HUAC), many questioned the veracity of the allegations by retired Marine Corps General Smedley Butler that a coup was imminent. No one was prosecuted. At first, news media covered the story, but it was soon dismissed as not credible and even labelled a "gigantic hoax" by the New York Times. But extensive excerpts from the committee report were never released and many believe that some sort of scheme had actually been afoot.
Typhoon Hits Japan
February 17, 2012
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uC7D_TICOeA Typhoon Muroto , followed by a tsunami, left 2,702 dead, 334 missing, and 14,994 injured.
Steamship Morro Castle Disaster
February 15, 2012
Returning from Havana to New York, the cruise ship Morro Castle caught fire just off New York harbor, killing 137 passengers and crew.
West Coast Waterfront Strike
February 10, 2012
The 1934 West Coast Waterfront Strike, begun in San Francisco,  led to the unionization of all West Coast ports and contributed to the rise of unionism in the USA.
Amau Doctrine
February 8, 2012
In 1934, Amau Eiji, Japanese Foreign Affairs Spokesman, asserted that Japan had the special mission to maintain peace and order in East Asia. The Empire of Japan would therefore oppose any intervention in China by other foreign powers. This Japanese declaration, similar to America’s Monroe Doctrine, was a direct challenge to the Open Door Policy of the West that allowed all trading nations access to the Chinese market.
It Happened One Night
February 6, 2012
https://youtu.be/Kd509cLN-9U   It Happened One Night, a slightly risqué comedy with Claudette Colbert and Clark Gable won five major Academy Awards in 1934 for best picture, director, actor and actress.  
A Story of Floating Weeds – Yasujirō Ozu
February 3, 2012
This 1934 silent film by the great director Yasujiro Ozu was remade in 1959. His lovely, lyrical films, including The Only Son (1936), There Was a Father (1942),  Early Summer (1951), Tokyo Story (1953), and Early Spring (1956)  provide an intimate picture of family and interpersonal relationships in Japan.
U.S. Marines Leave Haiti
January 26, 2012
In the early 20th Century, the United States was concerned about its political and economic control over the Caribbean. With frequent assassinations and exiles, Haiti appeared unstable and under the influence of a small group of German nationals who wielded disproportionate economic power. When an anti-American revolt threatened U.S. business interests in 1915, President Woodrow Wilson ordered  U.S. Marines to occupy Haiti. The occupation lasted until 1934 when President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered complete disengagement.
Philippines Promised Future Independence
January 23, 2012
After Philippine annexation in 1898, many Filipino farm workers migrated to the American West coast.  As a result of opposition to this influx, the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 reclassified Filipinos as aliens, and thus no longer allowed unrestricted access to the United States. While the Act promised independence of the Philippines after a period of ten years, it actually occurred after WWII in 1946.
Sankichi the Monkey Soldier
January 9, 2012
Fighting enemy bears (Russians?), this brave Japanese monkey shows the  true Yamato spirit of Imperial Japanese soldiers, complete with a victory banzai cheer. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FLjD31rUIGA

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