Leni Riefenstahl’s 1935 Triumph of the Will, documenting Adolf Hitler’s Nazi party convocation in Nuremberg has all the pomp and ceremony of ancient Rome. Hitler’s speeches, with emotional emphasis on the trials and tribulations of a heroic German Volk after WWI, electrified the crowd and created an atmosphere of militant ascendancy.
Yasunari Kawabata‘s Snow Country about a love affair between a Tokyo dilettante and a provincial geisha was set in a remote northern Japanese hot-spring mountain town. Published in installments from 1935 through 1947, the novel established Kawabata as one of Japan’s foremost authors. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1968.
In 1935, many worried about the threat of war between the USA and Japan. Others, such as the Welsh journalist Gareth Jones, thought it unlikely: “I feel that the menace is almost non-existent, that it has been a scare engineered by unscrupulous newspapers and by certain Californian interests who want to have the fleet concentrated […]
In 1935, nylon, a polymer from hexamethylenediamine and adipic acid, was created by the brilliant, but frequently despondent (bipolar?) chemist Wallace Hume Carothers.
In 1935, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that regulations of the poultry industry were an invalid use of Congress’s power under the commerce clause. This unanimous decision rendered the National Industrial Recovery Act, a main component of the New Deal, unconstitutional.
The sophisticated, somewhat dark and sexy humor of Max Fleischer’s Betty Boop seemed to resonate with a 1935 Japanese audience.
Sharecropper Wikimedia Commons. The 1935 Revenue Act (AKA the “Soak the Rich” tax) raised tax rates on individual incomes greater than $50,000. Although questionably effective in raising federal income and promoting equitable income distribution, the bill had much popular support. It was vehemently opposed by business and the wealthy, who accused FDR of being a traitor to his […]
In 1935, led by John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers of America, a group of union members split from the large American Federation of Labor (AFL). Calling itself the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), the group launched a bitter struggle with the AFL that occasionally erupted in violence. In 1955, the CIO rejoined the AFL, forming […]
It is sad to realize that in a few short years these handsome young men will be killing each other in the Pacific War.
In the restive 1930s, multiple general strikes and factory takeovers occurred across the USA. Violent confrontations between unions, police and private security forces often resulted. In response to increasing reports of employer espionage, interrogation, blacklisting and discipline of workers engaged in union activities, Congress passed the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 which restricted how employers could interact with […]
“To win independence and freedom for China is a great task. It demands that we fight against foreign imperialism and the domestic counter-revolutionary forces. Japanese imperialism is determined to bludgeon its way deep into China. As yet the domestic counter-revolutionary forces of the big landlord and comprador classes are stronger than the people’s revolutionary […]
日本語: 五月人形の段飾り – 1935; Wikimedia Commons Boy’s festival Day, Tango no Sekku, is an ancient Japanese tradition celebrating boys on the 5th day of the 5th month (May 5). Families with boys fly carp-shaped streamers as symbols of strength and success, and inside homes, warrior dolls are displayed. The family bathes with iris leaves and roots believed […]
George Gallup, Ph.D. taught journalism at Drake University, Northwestern University, and Columbia University where he devised research techniques for a variety of fields. In 1935, he founded the American Institute of Public Opinion, resolving to perform independent polling without the support of any political or special interest groups. The first Gallup Poll, instituted in 1935, sought […]
In 1935, a New Deal agency called the Works Progress Administration (WPA) was initiated with the main intention of employing unskilled workers for public works projects. Between 1935 and 1943, the WPA provided almost eight million jobs. One of the WPA’s best known programs, the Civilian Conservation Corps employed over 250,000 young men nationwide to build trails and […]
In the 1930s, the revisionist movement sought to alter the prevalent view that Germany was the major instigator of WWI and therefore the Treaty of Versailles was just punishment. The revisionists believed that an accurate historical understanding of the roots of the Great War would discourage involvement in future conflicts and promote peace. Walter Millis’s […]
By the mid-1930s, Japan’s emphasis on rapid industrialization brought electric power to 90% of urban and rural areas (although urban areas in the USA achieved similar results, only 10% of rural Americans had electricity in 1935). In an effort to achieve a living standard comparable to the West, Japanese power and appliance companies developed innovative […]
With a rich mellifluous voice, Father James E. Coughlin, a Roman Catholic priest in Michigan, broadcast a weekly radio show that was followed by millions during the Depression. Staunchly anti-Communist, he warned of the “Bolshevism of America.” Although he supported FDR in the 1932 presidential election, Father Coughlin increasingly moved to the right, ultimately forming the National […]
In 1935, using his sword, an officer in the radical Kōdōha (Imperial Way Faction) (皇道派) assassinated Major General Tetsuzan Nagata of the moderate rival Tōseiha (Control Faction) (統制派). The general was posthumously promoted, and the assassin was executed by firing squad. Read more about: Japanese Army factionalism in the 1930s
Huey Long, Governor of Louisiana and U.S. senator, was a charismatic and polarizing figure known as the “Kingfish.” Although lionized by supporters, his radical populist expansion of public works projects was laced with abuse of power and corruption. Promising major redistribution of wealth during the Great Depression in order to make “every man a king,” […]
An Inn in Tokyo – directed by Yasujirō Ozu (1935) Silent films were still being produced in Japan well into the 1930s. Japan’s first feature-length talkie was Fujiwara Yoshie no furusato (1930) Notable talkies of 30s include: Mikio Naruse’s Wife, Be Like A Rose!, Yasujirō Ozu’s An Inn in Tokyo, Kenji Mizoguchi’s Sisters of the […]
1935; Wikimedia Commons In 1930, the population of New York City was 6,930,4446. In 1940 it had increased to 7,454,995. U.S. Census Report 1930
In 1935 Tokyo was a bustling modern city with a population of 6.36 million, comparable to New York and London.
After Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia in 1935, the United States imposed an embargo on all arms and war materials to warring countries. The Neutrality Act of 1935 also stated that American citizens traveling on warring ships traveled at their own risk. The act was set to expire after six months.
In a fascinating 1935 interview, Yosuke Matsukoa, Japan’s last ambassador to the League of Nations advocates abolishing political parties, but claims that a fascist style dictatorship is not possible in Japan. “We must get away from Western democracy which breeds corruption and return to the true Japanese democracy which is the rule of the Emperor.”
The Social Security Act of 1935 provided old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped.
With more than 15,000 kilometers of total operating distance by the mid-1930s, a major role of the Japanese Government Railways was to attract foreign tourists to Japan. Additionally, in 1935 Russia sold the Chinese Eastern Railway in northern Manchuria to Japan. .
The Alcoholics Anonymous 12-step program toward achieving sobriety was founded in 1935 by Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith.