This 1936 Nazi propaganda poster saying “We do not stand alone,” shows a woman with a baby and a man holding a shield inscribed with the 1933 Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring (mandating compulsory sterilization). Behind the couple is a map of Germany and the flags of nations that had or were contemplating considering similar legislation. Enhancement of the Aryan race (Ubermenschen) was […]
Beginning in 1939, small groups, targeted for political or racial reasons as dangerous to Nazi Germany, were murdered in German concentration camps. During 1939–1942, as Germany occupied most of Europe, the SS established new concentration camps for increasing numbers of political prisoners, resistance groups, and groups deemed racially inferior, such as Jews and Gypsies. In January […]
Unit 731 was a secret biological warfare program in remote Manchukuo run by a prominent medical graduate of Kyoto University named Ishii Shiro. Dr. Ishii recruited specialists from major japanese universities to conduct outrageous medical experiments on Chinese (and possibly some Allied) prisoners. Many prisoners who were infected with disease-producing organisms (e.g.,anthrax, plague, gas gangrene, smallpox, […]
Flash Gordon was a 1936 science fiction film serial starring Buster Crabbe as the comic-strip character invented by Alex Raymond. His nemesis is the evil, Asiatic-looking Ming, ruler of the planet Mongo.
Dale Carnegie’s book, regarding social skills and personal success, is still popular today. Twelve Things This Book Will Do For You (listed in the 1936 edition) Get you out of a mental rut, give you new thoughts, new visions, new ambitions. Enable you to make friends quickly and easily. Increase your popularity. Help you to win […]
In 1936, with significant public sentiment leaning toward isolationism, there was little Congressional support for equipment, training or expansion of the American military. The result was a relatively small, under-trained force that was either under-equipped, lacking up-to-date weapons, or both. This film praises the Curtis P-36 Hawk, an American fighter plane that would already be obsolete […]
Throughout the 1930s Charlie Chan, a Honolulu-based Chinese-American detective (ironically played in the 1930s by Swedish actor Warner Oland) was popular with movie audiences. Unlike evil characters such as Dr. Fu Manchu (reflecting Western fears of a “Yellow peril”), Chan was an honorable, intelligent and benign character. On the other hand, many came to view him as an […]
The M1 Garand officially replaced the bolt-action M1903 Springfield as the standard service rifle of the United States Armed Forces in 1936. General George S. Patton called it “the Greatest Battle Implement Ever Devised.”
Within easy reach of Russia’s Siberian airfields, Japan prepares for attack by its traditional archenemy.
Established in 1919, the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) soon had 60,000 members. Extensively involved in labor movements in the 1920s-40s, and promoting racial integration, the CPUSA also created an intelligence network with members acting as agents for the Soviet Union.
Kenji Mizoguchi‘s films were often concerned about the plight of oppressed women in Japanese society. His protagonists were often geishas, prostitutes, workers, street activists, housewives, and feudal princesses. In the Osaka Elegy, a switchboard operator’s boss wants to make her his mistress, but she is in love with a younger man. Forced to assist her beleaguered swindler father […]
Top grossing films Rank Title Studio Actors 1. San Francisco MGM Clark Gable and Jeanette MacDonald 2. The Great Ziegfeld MGM William Powell, Myrna Loyand Luise Rainer 3. Modern Times United Artists Charlie Chaplin 4. These Three United Artists Miriam Hopkins and Merle Oberon 5. Libeled Lady MGM Jean Harlow, William Powell,Myrna Loy and Spencer Tracy 6. Three Smart Girls Universal Deanna Durbin 7. […]
American Swing music of the 1930s, with its distinctive blend of a strong bass and drum rhythm section and lead brass, woodwind and string instruments, had a lilting rhythm. With emphasis on the off–beat, the music had a “swing feel.”
Although Mickey Mouse, the popular cartoon character created by Walt Disney in 1928, is generally considered to be a cute character, he took on an ominous nature in this 1936 Japanese cartoon.
Despite Republican attacks on the New Deal and claims that the country was moving toward dictatorship, their candidate Alf Landon was easily defeated in the 1936 Presidential election as FDR won 98.49% of the electoral vote and carried every state except Maine and Vermont. For the first time, addresses of presidential candidates were broadcast locally on television in the […]
Charlie Chaplin made his last appearance as the little tramp in his 1936 film Modern Times , a silent movie with some sound effects that was a social commentary on the Great Depression. The silent Tramp’s final words were deciphered as: “Smile! C’mon!”
Ozu Ojiro’s lyrical film The Only Son, unfolding in 1923, 1935 and 1936, depicts the contrast between rural and urban Japanese life. An ironic view of failed ambition, the film focuses on the relationship between a rural widowed mother who labored to get her son an education and the son, now barely surviving in Tokyo, heretofore […]
During two days in April 1936, seventeen tornadoes struck the Southeastern USA killing approximately 436 people.
Naoto Tajima (left) with Jesse Owens and Luz Long, 1936 Berlin Summer Olympics; Wikimedia Commons IMPERIAL JAPAN WAS THE 8TH RANKED NATION WINNING MEDALS AT THE 1936 SUMMER OLYMPIC GAMES IN BERLIN (GERMANY WAS #1 AND THE USA WAS #2). Medal Name Sport Event Gold Shigeo Arai, Shigeo Sugiura, Masaharu Taguchi, andMasanori Yusa Swimming Men’s 4x200m Freestyle […]
In the 1936 Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, America’s African-American track star Jesse Owens upset Nazi Aryan notions of racial superiority. In the course of winning four events, Owens set new Olympic 200-meter dash and broad jump records, tied the world 100-meter dash record and ran the first leg of the world record-setting U.S. 400 […]
Four Days of Snow and Blood (1989) In February 1936, several government ministers were assassinated by a cadre of junior officers in a failed coup d’état. With militant idealism, the dissident group was distressed about dire poverty and unemployment in Japan, despite their country’s recent conquest of Manchuria. The rebellious officers and those who influenced them […]
Although Germany flew the first helicopter (Focke-Wulf Fw 61) in 1936, extensive bombing by the Allies prevented mass production during WWII. 131 American Sikorsky R-4 helicopters saw service in World War II, primarily for rescue in Burma, Alaska, and other areas with harsh terrain. By the end of World War II, Sikorsky had produced over 400 helicopters. In 1941 the […]
In 1936, with the accusation that a Chinese citizen had killed a Japanese sailor, Japan landed hundreds of marines in Shanghai and demanded apologies from Chinese authorities.
Constructed in the 1930s to prevent flooding, and provide irrigation and hydroelectric power, the original Boulder Dam was renamed in 1947 in honor of Herbert Hoover, who was instrumental in its construction.
In 1937, the women’s rights activist Shidzue Katō opened a birth-control clinic in Tokyo with Margaret Sanger as the guest of honor. Soon, along with about five hundred left-wing men, Shidzue was arrested by the Tokkō (Special Higher Police) and the clinic was closed.
Anti-birth control laws originating in 1873 with the Comstock Act, had their first legal challenge with Margaret Sanger’s arrest in 1916 for opening a birth control clinic. The 1918 Crane decision allowed women to use birth control for therapeutic purposes. In 1936, Sanger challenged the law against the distribution of contraceptives in United States v. […]
In 1936, “recognizing that the aim of the Communist International, known as the Comintern, is to disintegrate and subdue existing States by all the means at its command…” Imperial Japan and Nazi Germany formed an alliance against Communism.