2018
June 7, 2018
On November 23, 1946 the French navy bombarded the Vietnamese coastal city of Haiphong, killing 6,000 Vietnamese people overnight. The Haiphong shelling was the first in a series of armed clashes leading to the December Battle of Hanoi and the outbreak of the First Indochina War.  On December 19, 1946, 30,000 Viet Minh initiated their first large-scale attack […]
June 4, 2018
  After a series of populist films in the 1930s (It Happened One Night, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, and You Can’t Take It With You), Frank Capra read a forgotten story entitled The Greatest Gift written by Philip Van Doren Stern and turned into the script for It’s A Wonderful […]
May 31, 2018
      On December 21, 1946 an 8.1-.4 magnitude undersea earthquake initiated a powerful tsunami in the Nankai Trough off Japan’s largest island Honshū. When 20-foot waves hit shore, buildings were obliterated and ~2,000 ships were capsized. 60,000 square miles were flooded and 40,000 homes were completely destroyed.  ~2,000 people were killed and half a […]
May 28, 2018
  Memorial Day 1946 – The ways of peace have not returned to us, and the results of war are still upon us. – Eleanor Roosevelt   MAY 30, 1946 NEW YORK, Wednesday—This is the first Memorial Day since the end of the war in the Pacific and yet in spite of that fact, many […]
May 24, 2018
This is a scene from the charming 2016 film Paterson (96% rating on Rotten Tomatoes) about a bus driver and erstwhile poet named Paterson who lives in Paterson, New Jersey with his wife who dreams of being a country music star and opening a cupcake business.   This Is Just To Say By William Carlos Williams […]
May 21, 2018
The Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, ordered the establishment of the Blue Angels flight demonstration team in 1946. The Blue Angels team flew the Grumman F6F Hellcat in 1946, the more powerful Grumman F8F Bearcat (1946 to 1949), the Grumman F9F Panther Jet (1949 to 1955), the Grumman F9F-8 Cougar (1955 to 1957), the […]
May 17, 2018
  Song of the South was produced by Walt Disney in 1946 as a live-action/animated musical based on African-American folktales compiled by Joel Chandler Harris in 1881 in the book Uncle Remus, His Songs and His Sayings: The Folk-Lore of the Old Plantation. The story follows a 7-year-old boy as he visits his grandmother’s southern plantation during […]
May 14, 2018
 The Mensa Society was created in 1946 as a group for people with IQ scores in the top 2% of the general population to share ideas and activities. The society’s membership has reached  > 120,000 global members. Mensa has three stated purposes: to identify and foster human intelligence for the benefit of humanity to encourage research in […]
May 10, 2018
Georgia O’Keeffe (1887–1986), a pioneer of American modernism, is renowned for her paintings of flowers, skyscrapers, animal skulls and southeastern landscapes.   New York City with Moon (1925)   Moving to New Mexico after the death of her photographer husband Alfred Stieglitz, she was inspired to create numerous landscape paintings. Some of her most famous […]
May 7, 2018
In the late 19th century the Russian writer Anton Chekhov was famous for his short stories and plays. One of his best known short stories, The Lady with the Dog,  told  of two lovers who had an affair while both were married to other people. In the 19th century, the Golden Age of Russian literature included Romanticism which emphasized imagination and emotion […]
May 3, 2018
  In 1946, a year after WWII ended, >5 million American workers went on prolonged strikes in numerous industries and public utilities. The American strike wave of 1945–1946 became the largest series of labor strikes in American history. During WWII, the National War Labor Board granted unions closed shop agreements in exchange for maintaining labor discipline throughout the […]
April 30, 2018
In 1946 the neuro-psychiatrist Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) chronicled his experience in Nazi concentration camps in his best-selling memoir Man’s Search for Meaning. In this book, Frankl described how finding personal meaning allowed him to survive internment in Nazi concentration camps (Theresienstadt, Auschwitz, and two camps affiliated with Dachau (Kaufering and Türkheim).         After the war, Frankl established […]
April 23, 2018
In 1946 A US district court case in Orange County, Ca., Mendez vs. Westminster, ruled that race-based public school enrollment was illegal. During the trial, the Mendez family’s attorney presented social science evidence that segregation resulted in feelings of inferiority among Mexican-American children and could undermine their ability to be productive American citizens. The U.S. […]
April 19, 2018
Growing up in Mississippi, McKinley Morganfield (1913 – 1983) played Delta blues in the style of Son House and Robert Johnson. Later, performing as Muddy Waters, he was recognized as one of the original modern Chicago blues musicians of the late 1940s – early 1950s.   Chicago blues augmented the basic Delta blues ensemble of acoustic guitar and harmonica with amplified guitar and […]
April 12, 2018
This home movie really took me there.   Although grainy, watch this short film clip of 8mm home movies taken by U.S. Army Major Morris Hall during a 3-month tour of Japan less than a year after surrender. Filming with an 8mm home movie camera, Major Hall documented the every-day lives of citizens rebuilding their devastated […]
April 9, 2018
The Best Years of Our Lives was a 1946  film directed by William Wyler that starred Myrna Loy, Fredric March, Dana Andrews, Teresa Wright, Virginia Mayo, and Harold Russell. The film tells the story of three United States servicemen readjusting to civilian life after coming home from WWII to fictional “Boone City” (reportedly modeled after […]
March 29, 2018
  The USA had  > 12 million men and women under arms at the end of WWII (7.6 million overseas). With increasing public demand for rapid demobilization, military personnel were returned to the U.S. on  hundreds of transport ships and airplanes through Operation Magic Carpet.   The European phase of demobilization concluded in February 1946; the […]
March 22, 2018
Aug 1, 1946  President Truman signed the Fulbright Program into law, establishing the scholarships named for Arkansas Sen. William J. Fulbright.   After WWII, Senator J. William Fulbright proposed that the U.S. government sell surplus war property to fund an international exchange program. In his bill, debts accrued by foreign governments during WWII would be […]
March 19, 2018
  Dwight D. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York In 1915 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army. During WWI, Eisenhower commanded a tank training center in Pennsylvania. Quickly rising through the ranks after […]
March 15, 2018
  The Great Glinka  (Глинка) was a 1946 Soviet film directed by Lev Arnshtam. Awarded the Stalin Prize, the film depicts the life of Mikhail Glinka, a Russian composer of the 19th century. Incorporating Russian folk songs into his compositions, Glinka, despite his friendships with Alexander Pushkin and recognition by Czar Nicholas the First, reportedly never forgot his humble origins — he […]
March 12, 2018
At the 1945 Potsdam conference, the four great Allied powers agreed to divide Germany into four administrative occupation zones.                                                                         […]
March 8, 2018
From 1934-1963, Alcatraz was a high-security federal prison in San Francisco Bay. With a reputation of being escape-proof, it held notorious, high-profile prisoners, particularly those with a history of previous escape attempts. In May 1946, after a failed escape attempt, prisoners waged a 3-day siege at Alcatraz prison. Led by a bank robber, inmates took […]
February 26, 2018
Annie Get Your Gun, a 1946 Broadway show with music and lyrics by Irving Berlin and a book by the brother-sister team of Dorothy and Herbert Fields, was a fictionalized account of the life of Annie Oakley, a 19th and early 20th-century sharpshooter who starred in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West. The show starred Ethel Merman as […]
February 15, 2018
In June 1946 the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a Virginia law requiring racial segregation on commercial interstate buses as a violation of the commerce clause of the U.S. Constitution. The appellant Irene Morgan, riding an interstate Greyhound bus in 1944 had been arrested and convicted when she refused to give up her seat to a white person. […]
February 12, 2018
The civil war between Chinese Nationalists and Communists, begun in 1927, was put on hold during the fight against Imperial Japan in WWII.  After the Japanese surrender in August 1945, the Chinese Communist Party and the Nationalists agreed to peace talks and a ceasefire. In July of 1946, however, the Nationalist (Kuomintang) leader Chiang Kai-shek launched […]
February 8, 2018
Cost of Living 1946 Average Cost of new house $5,600.00 Average wages per year $2,500.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents Average Cost of a new car $1,120.00 Worlds First Electric Blanket $39.50 Men’s Ties $1.50 Watermans Pen $8.75 Chicken 41 cents per pound  Coffee 85 cents for 2 pound bag  Doughnuts 15 cents per dozen […]
February 5, 2018
The Philippines was colonized by Spain in the 16th century. In 1898 Filipino rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo and U.S. troops ousted the Spanish in the Spanish-American War. However, Philippine independence was thwarted when the U.S. formally annexed the country as part of its peace treaty with Spain. In 1899 Filipino rebels fought with U.S. […]
February 1, 2018
  In the 1930s, European women wore two-piece bathing suits consisting of a halter top and shorts with some midriff visible — the navel was always hidden.   On Jul 5,1946  the bikini bathing suit, created by former civil engineer Louis Reard, made its debut during a fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris. […]
January 29, 2018
On 1 July 1946, the United States conducted Operation Crossroads Test Able, the first of a series of 67 American nuclear tests after WWII. The explosion took place at the Bikini Atoll lagoon, situated in the Marshall Islands in the Pacific Ocean.   The bomb, almost identical to the weapon used against Nagasaki in August 1945, […]
January 22, 2018
Although apparently narrated by a robot, this video neatly summarizes the essence of Dr. Benjamin Spock’s advice to post-WWII parents.     The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care, published in 1946, sold over 50 million copies by the time of Spock’s death in 1998. The book has also been translated into 39 […]
January 15, 2018
  Although originally scheduled to be held in Cannes in 1939, the outbreak of WWII delayed the opening of the first International Film Festival until September 1946 when twenty-one countries presented their films. Held on the French Riviera, the festival was designed to preview and judge promising films from around the world. Although it has evolved […]
2017
December 25, 2017
In April 1946 two large undersea earthquakes occurred off the Alaskan coast and a tidal wave, nearly 100 feet high, crashed onto the shore at Unimak Island, Alaska. A lighthouse located 30 feet above sea level, was smashed to pieces, killing five people. Five hours later, a  Pacific-wide tsunami struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 […]
December 22, 2017
Christmas in America after WWII reflected a period of peace, productivity, and prosperity.    
December 21, 2017
In the April 1946 Japanese elections, women had the right to vote for the first time. 39 women were elected to office. After WWII, the Imperial Rule Assistance Association caucus broke up and three major political parties emerged: Liberal Party – right-wing, founded in 1945 by former members of Seiyukai Party Progressive Party – founded in 1945 by […]
December 14, 2017
The American Hermes Missile Project began in 1944 in response to Germany’s rocket attacks in Europe. After the war, with the help of captured German rocket scientists, General Electric assembled V-2 rockets at the White Sands, New Mexico Proving Grounds. The first Project Hermes V-2 launch in April 1946 reached only 3.4 miles altitude. The maximum […]
December 11, 2017
In  March 1946, as the Green Lecturer at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, Winston Churchill delivered a lecture entitled the “Sinews of Peace” that  became known as the “Iron Curtain Speech.” “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an “iron curtain” has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the […]
Mao & Chiang
November 30, 2017
The Chinese Civil War  fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC) began in 1927. After a temporary truce to collaborate in the fight against Japanese aggression in China, the civil war resumed in 1946.   The Chinese Civil War (1927-1937 & 1946-1949) Timeline created by hibbaawan
ENIAC
November 27, 2017
During WWII, the U.S. Ballistics Research Laboratory was handling the complex calculations of range tables that were needed for new artillery. In 1942, physicist John Mauchly proposed an all-electronic calculating machine in a memorandum entitled “The Use of High Speed Vacuum Tube Devices for Calculating.” ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer), developed from 1943 -1945, became […]
November 20, 2017
In 1946, the American Chargé d’Affaires in Moscow George F. Kennan proposed the concept of “containment” in his famous 8,000-word  “long telegram” to the U.S. State Department. These suggestions became the foundation of U.S. Cold War policy in the 1940s. in 1947, under the pseudonym “Mr. X,” Kennan further outlined the concept in an article entitled The […]
October 30, 2017
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE) conducted the Tokyo War Crimes Trials from May 1946 to November 1948. 28 Imperial Japanese military and government leaders were charged with Class A war crimes  – participating in a joint conspiracy to start and wage war. Additionally, ~ 5,700 subordinate personnel were charged with conventional war crimes in separate […]
October 26, 2017
From 1945-46, judges from Great Britain, France, USSR and USA presided over the Nuremberg trials of 24 prominent Nazis charged with war crimes. Charges included: crimes against peace—defined as participation in the planning and waging of a war of aggression in violation of numerous international treaties war crimes—defined as violations of the internationally agreed upon […]

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