U-Boat ace Reinhard Hardegen died this week at age 105. Although America’s WWII enemy, Hardegen appears to have been an honorable warrior, revered by many today who are fascinated by the mystique of U-Boat warfare. ____________________ Captain of the infamous U-123 in the Battle of the Atlantic, Reinhard Hardegen was the role model for the fictitious U-Boat […]
https://www.statista.com/statistics/232330/us-military-force-numbers-by-service-branch-and-reserve-component/ US MILITARY PERSONNEL (1939-1945) Year Army Navy Marines Coast Guard Total 1939 189,839 125,202 19,432 334,473 1940 269,023 160,997 28,345 458,365 1941 1,462,315 284,427 54,359 1,801,101 1942 3,075,608 640,570 142,613 56,716* 3,915,507 1943 6,994,472 1,741,750 308,523 151,167 9,195,912 1944 7,994,750 2,981,365 475,604 171,749 11,623,468 1945 8,267,958 3,380,817 474,680 85,7
The current eruption of virulent anti-semitism and violence against Jews in France, makes it imperative that we recall the progressive Nazi legislation from 1933-1945 that resulted in the institution of draconian measures against the Jewish community and ultimately the murder of an estimated 5- 6 million European Jews. Here is an excellent resource for review: Timeline of Jewish Persecution in the Holocaust | […]
Constitutionally mandated to maintain only a relatively small defensive force, Germany has recently made moves to expand its military power. Federal President Joachim Gauck stated last week that Germany must stop using its past as a “shield” and use its armed forces more frequently and decisively. This suggests that longstanding German aversion to the use of […]
At the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland last week, Japan’s prime minister Shinzo Abe compared recent tensions between China and Japan to the rivalry between the British and German empires at the start of the 20th century. A conservative nationalist, Abe has denied that Imperial Japan forced 250,000 foreign “comfort women” into sexual slavery, urged changes in […]
Today’s headline elicits emotions reminiscent of an earlier time. 12/25/13 TOKYO — Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan visited a contentious Tokyo war shrine early on Thursday, provoking swift condemnation from China and South Korea, both victims of Japan’s wartime aggression. via Japanese Premier Visits Contentious War Shrine – NYTimes.com.
After their remains were recently uncovered on Biak Island, Indonesia, a cremation ceremony was held for nearly 300 Imperial Japanese Army troops who died there in ferocious fighting during the Pacific War. The cremated remains will be brought back to Japan and interred at Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery in Tokyo’s Chiyoda Ward. My late father-in-law Jim Evans fought […]
Four former American POWs who were captured in Guam and the Philippines during WWII met with Foreign Minister Kishida this month. The minister expressed his support and eagerness to continue the program, which began in 2010 under the Yukio Hatoyama administration. Together with nine others, who suffered the same fate under the Imperial Japanese army, […]
“The United States, a nation founded on opposition to a standing army, is now a nation engaged in a standing war. Force requires bounds. Between militarism and pacifism lie diplomacy, accountability and restraint.” How much military is enough? By Jill Lapore; New Yorker January 28, 2013.
There is a story, believed to be of Cherokee origin, in which a girl is troubled by a recurring dream in which two wolves fight viciously. Seeking an explanation, she goes to her grandfather, highly regarded for his wisdom, who explains that there are two forces within each of us, struggling for supremacy, one […]
Syrian soldier aims an AK-47 Although killing ~100,000 people in the current Syrian conflict with conventional weapons is disturbing, recent public condemnation of ~1500 deaths due to poison gas has been much more strident. Even Hitler forbade the use of chemical weapons in warfare (if not in civilian genocide). Read this informative NY Times article: A Weapon Seen as […]
Remembering a Friend Up until now, this blog has been limited to a comparison between Imperial Japan and the USA in the first half of the 20th century. Starting with December 1941, I wish to include Nazi Germany. Additionally, although the main focus of the blog will continue to be on WWII, I intend to broaden […]
The Shinto Yasukuni Shrine was created during the Meiji Restoration to commemorate the individuals who had died in service of the Empire of Japan. In the shrine are numerous photographs and war paraphernalia and the names, origin, birthdate and place of death of 2,466,532 men, women and children. Recently, significant controversy has arisen regarding visits to the shrine […]