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Understanding our world and that of our enemies

Le Mans Crash Kills Driver and Many Spectators

Le Mans Crash Kills Driver and Many Spectators

https://youtu.be/RMoh5hZAaZk In June 1955 a major crash during the 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race in the city of Le Mans, France sent large pieces of debris into the crowd, killing 83 spectators and French driver Pierre Levegh. 180 more...

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US Supreme Court Orders End to Racial Segregation

US Supreme Court Orders End to Racial Segregation

https://youtu.be/TTGHLdr-iak With its 1954  Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka unanimous (9–0) decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that state laws establishing racial segregation in public schools were unconstitutional, even if the...

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Popular Television Show Premieres

Popular Television Show Premieres

https://youtu.be/_teSvw34ZlY In 1955 the Mickey Mouse Club premiered on ABC. https://youtu.be/FcEbkM5Z3yA In 1955 Gunsmoke premiered on CBS https://youtu.be/XQ6OdQyYeKA In 1955 Johnny Carson Show premiered on CBS https://youtu.be/sJkmcf4gJ48 In 1955 The Lawrence Welk...

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Selective Service Act extended

Selective Service Act extended

https://youtu.be/wGQzbDyty2A The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 was passed by Congress in September 1940, establishing the first peacetime conscription in United States history The Selective Service Act of 1948 created the basis...

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James Dean Rebel Without a Cause

James Dean Rebel Without a Cause

https://youtu.be/wXRgAXU1-T4 James Byron Dean (1931 – 1955) was an American  cultural icon of teenage disillusionment and social estrangement as expressed in the title of his most celebrated film Rebel Without a Cause (1955). The other...

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Congress Mandates In God We Trust on all U.S. Currency

Congress Mandates In God We Trust on all U.S. Currency

https://youtu.be/A36Iq5qNukQ In 1955 the US Congress passed a bill requiring that "In God We Trust" appear on all American currency. Midst the Cold War threat of atheistic communism, the bill passed with bipartisan support and was signed into law by...

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Britain Decides to Develop Thermonuclear Weapons

Britain Decides to Develop Thermonuclear Weapons

https://youtu.be/0RNwR1Sewh8 Great Britain successfully tested an atomic bomb in Operation Hurricane in October 1952, becoming the world's third nuclear power. However, in November 1952, the United States conducted Ivy Mike, the first successful...

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Rock and Roll Classics

Rock and Roll Classics

There were some great rock and roll classics in 1955 https://youtu.be/OKlAiuaYdoI https://youtu.be/fELjKo0R3iA https://youtu.be/VJcGi4-n_Yw

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Assassination Attempt on Zhou Enlai

Assassination Attempt on Zhou Enlai

https://youtu.be/IWx6Q_qT9bU In April 1955, the Kashmir Princess, a chartered aircraft owned by Air India was damaged in midair by a bomb explosion and crashed into the South China Sea while en route to Jakarta, Indonesia. Sixteen of...

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Microwave Oven

Microwave Oven

https://youtu.be/Fuo6bw5wyf8 American engineer Percy Spencer invented the modern microwave oven from radar technology developed during WWII. Named "Radarange," the oven went on sale in 1946. A microwave oven introduced by Tappan in 1955...

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First US Advisors Sent to South Vietnam

First US Advisors Sent to South Vietnam

https://youtu.be/qtaX8MIimwE After WWII, American Cold War policy was based on the "domino theory”— if one country fell to communism, the surrounding countries would fall, like dominoes. The Eisenhower administration was worried that the potential fall of Vietnam...

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1950s Cigarette TV Commercials

1950s Cigarette TV Commercials

These were the cultural and media messages I received when I began clandestine smoking at age 13. https://youtu.be/Z023OAz4fkI https://youtu.be/wibHcZ4FNbU https://youtu.be/c9or3KCrgQM https://youtu.be/Hr4duBBcCpA...

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Georgy Malenkov Resigns

Georgy Malenkov Resigns

In 1953, Georgy Maximilianovich Malenkov briefly succeeded Joseph Stalin as the leader of the Soviet Union. However, at the insistence of the rest of the Presidium, he relinquished control over the party apparatus in exchange for...

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Scrabble

Scrabble

Scrabble is a word game that gained enormous popularity in the 1950s. In the game, two to four players may score points by forming words with placement of single letter tiles onto a board divided into squares. Like a crossword puzzle, Scrabble words are read...

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President Eisenhower upholds use of atomic weapons

President Eisenhower upholds use of atomic weapons

https://youtu.be/DqFhDplE1PI In March 1955 Secretary of State John Foster Dulles told reporters “... in the event of [a] general war in the Far East, we would probably make use of some tactical small atomic weapons.” When asked to comment the following day at a press...

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Marian Anderson Sings at the Met

Marian Anderson Sings at the Met

https://youtu.be/J-Q8MbUsWac In 1955, at the age of 58, Marian Anderson became the first African-American soloist to sing at New York's Metropolitan Opera. Singing the role of the sorceress Ulrica in Verdi's Un ballo en maschera, Anderson later said: "I was...

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West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization

West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization

https://youtu.be/0rICHFt7Gg4 In 1949, the Americans, British, and French combined their zones of occupation in West Germany to establish the Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany). The Soviets responded by forming the Deutsche Demokratische Republik...

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Elvis Presley on the Louisiana Hayride

Elvis Presley on the Louisiana Hayride

Louisiana Hayride was a country music show (first in radio, then TV) that from 1948 to 1960 helped launch careers of some country and western music performers (including  Hank Williams). Elvis Presley performed on the radio...

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Egypt & Britain Suez Canal Pact

Egypt & Britain Suez Canal Pact

https://youtu.be/GprO6J_pVJA The 1954 Anglo–Egyptian Treaty terminated the presence of British armed forces along the Suez Canal. Pinterest Although Britain relinquished its military presence in other parts of Egypt after WWII, it continued to keep...

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Hurricane Hazel Kills 348 in US & Canada

Hurricane Hazel Kills 348 in US & Canada

https://youtu.be/T6AJ0d_jTiM In October 1954 Hurricane Hazel  killed at least 469 people in Haiti before striking the United States near the border between North and South Carolina as a Category 4 hurricane where it caused...

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Southeast Asia Treaty Organization – SEATO

Southeast Asia Treaty Organization – SEATO

https://youtu.be/6_Hb8IDU4Tk Wikipedia In September 1954 the United States, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, Australia, the Philippines, Thailand and Pakistan formed the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).     Although most of the SEATO member states were...

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Popular Movies

Popular Movies

Americans watched some good foreign and domestic movies in 1954. https://youtu.be/I7BwIPCX6ZQ https://youtu.be/boekTHsOIY8 https://youtu.be/77YpsPwlEFQ https://youtu.be/TK9qs5pOI4c https://youtu.be/GF5U83UIX1o https://youtu.be/m01YktiEZCw https://youtu.be/FNl1pv6Sm44...

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“Under God” phrase added to the Pledge of Allegiance

“Under God” phrase added to the Pledge of Allegiance

https://youtu.be/Xi8MXIq_0t0 In June 1954, In response to the perceived communist threat during the Cold War, President Eisenhower encouraged Congress to add the words "under God," to the pledge of allegiance. Today the Pledge reads: I pledge allegiance to the flag of...

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Coup D’état in Guatemala

Coup D’état in Guatemala

https://youtu.be/uVkthJcKQxg In June 1954, Operation PBSuccess (a covert operation directed by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency) orchestrated the invasion of Guatemala from Honduras by a force of Guatemalan mercenaries. The successful coup d'état deposed...

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Popular TV Programs

Popular TV Programs

Popular TV shows 1954 https://youtu.be/NkQ58I53mjk https://youtu.be/ojkTUIelOWI https://youtu.be/VjA4-wSjPWg https://youtu.be/2ylvWg6AV7g Top-rated primetime television series of the 1954–55 season as measured by Nielsen Media Research.[1]...

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