Topics

Understanding our world and that of our enemies

Daylight Saving Time

Daylight Saving Time

In the winter of 1918 more daylight hours were added in the USA to conserve energy resources. Year-round daylight saving time was implemented again during World War II. After the war, local jurisdictions were free to choose if and when to observe DST. The Uniform Time...

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Venera 3 Space Probe

Venera 3 Space Probe

In November 1965 the Soviet Union launched the Venera 3 space probe from Kazakhstan toward Venus. In March 1966, it becomes the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet. Source: Wikipedia

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Battle of Ia Drang Valley

Battle of Ia Drang Valley

https://youtu.be/sx1rzDNcFmE In November 1965 the Battle of Ia Drang in the central highlands of Vietnam was the first major battle between the United States Army and the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN). The battle was the first time that US forces employed a large...

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Rhodesia Declares Independence

Rhodesia Declares Independence

https://youtu.be/QuSvnX3_Kfk In November 1965 the predominantly white Rhodesian Front of Ian Smith declared Independence from the United Kingdom. It was the first unilateral break from the United Kingdom by one of its colonies since the United States Declaration of...

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Search & Destroy – Operation Hump

Search & Destroy – Operation Hump

https://youtu.be/B1cvEQSKeGc Operation Hump was a search and destroy operation by US and Australian forces in November 1965. The objective was to drive out Viet Cong  units who had taken up positions on several key hills about 17.5 miles north of Bien Hoa.  Official...

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Freedom Flights from Cuba

Freedom Flights from Cuba

From 1965 to 1973, Freedom Flights (Los vuelos de la libertad) transported Cubans to Miami twice daily, five times per week. With ~300,000 refugees, it was the largest airborne refugee operation in American history. The program changed the ethnic makeup of Miami and...

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2nd India – Pakistan War

2nd India – Pakistan War

    The 1965 second Indo-Pakistan War was an armed conflict between Pakistan and India  from August to September 1965. The conflict began following Pakistan's infiltration of forces into Jammu and Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against Indian rule. The...

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Gemini 5 Spaceflight

Gemini 5 Spaceflight

https://youtu.be/enW_Q6xmzCA In August 1965 NASA launched its 11th crewed spaceflight (including X-15 flights above 100 km). The crew of Gemini 5 broke the Soviet Union's previous record for duration set by Vostok 5 in 1963. Source: Wikipedia

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Operation Starlite 

Operation Starlite 

In August 1965 Operation Starlite was the first major offensive action conducted by a purely U.S. military unit during the Vietnam War.

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Hello, Americans. This is Paul Harvey!

Hello, Americans. This is Paul Harvey!

In 1965 Paul Harvey laced radio news with right wing opinions, hypnotic timbre, extended pauses for effect, heart-warming tales of average Americans and folksy observations that evoked the heartland, family values and the old-fashioned plain talk one heard around the...

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Mariner 4 Mars Photos

Mariner 4 Mars Photos

In July 1965, Mariner 4 passed within 6,118 miles of Mars, snapping 22 photographs of the planet and taking scientific measurements.  Source: Wikipedia

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US Intervenes in the Dominican Republic

US Intervenes in the Dominican Republic

In April 1965 the democratically elected Dominican president Juan Bosch was ousted and the militarily installed president Donald Reid Cabral in office. A second coup prompted the military loyal to the dictator Reid to initiate an armed campaign against the...

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1965 Academy Awards

1965 Academy Awards

The most successful films of the year were The Sound of Music and Doctor Zhivago, each with ten nominations and five wins, with the former winning Best Picture. https://youtu.be/aMMgcAqOYbI https://youtu.be/ut3swc3Ciho Source: Wikipedia

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Russian Cosmonaut Space Walk

Russian Cosmonaut Space Walk

https://youtu.be/fts1543xPRE In March 1965 Alexei Arkhipovich Leonov , a Soviet cosmonaut, became the first person to walk in space, exiting the capsule of the Voskhod 2 mission for 12 minutes and 9 seconds.

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US Ground Troops Land in South Vietnam

US Ground Troops Land in South Vietnam

https://youtu.be/Cxuv28ZVAOM In March 1965 3,500 United States Marines landed at Da Nang Vietnam, adding combat troops to the 25,000 U.S. military advisers already in the country. Source: Wikipedia

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Operation Rolling Thunder

Operation Rolling Thunder

https://youtu.be/v1f6eQ92JtE Operation Rolling Thunder was a sustained aerial bombardment campaign conducted by the United States Air Force and Navy against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), China and North Korea from March 1965 until November 1968....

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