4th of July 1947

  Things were looking up in 1947   observationalism.com Indo Surat.com Cost of Living 1947 The People History Average Cost of new house $6,600.00  Average wages per year $2,850.00  Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents  Average Cost of a new car $1,300.00  Loaf of Bread 13...

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Post-WWII Labor Strikes

  In 1946, a year after WWII ended, >5 million American workers went on prolonged strikes in numerous industries and public utilities. The American strike wave of 1945–1946 became the largest series of labor strikes in American history. During WWII, the National War...

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Interstate Bus Segregation

In June 1946 the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a Virginia law requiring racial segregation on commercial interstate buses as a violation of the commerce clause of the U.S. Constitution. The appellant Irene Morgan, riding an interstate Greyhound bus in 1944 had been...

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Life in Postwar America

Cost of Living 1946 Average Cost of new house $5,600.00 Average wages per year $2,500.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents Average Cost of a new car $1,120.00 Worlds First Electric Blanket $39.50 Men's Ties $1.50 Watermans Pen $8.75 Chicken 41 cents per pound ...

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Marshall Plan

Named after United States Secretary of State George Marshall (U.S. Army Chief of Staff during WWII), the Marshall Plan (European Recovery Program)  had bipartisan support in Washington. An American initiative to assist Western Europe with recovery after WWII, the...

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Our Job in Japan

Our Job in Japan, a training film for American soldiers assigned to occupation forces in Japan, begins with a description of the Japanese brain that has been duped by military leaders. The film details Japanese barbarity during the war and advises taking no chances...

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Allies Occupy Germany

Your Job In Germany was a short film shown to US soldiers embarking on post-war occupation duty in Germany. Produced by the United States War Department in 1945, the film was made by a military film unit directed by Frank Capra and was written by Theodor...

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Potsdam Conference

In July 1945, USSR Premier Joseph Stalin, the new American president Harry S. Truman, and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain met in Potsdam Germany in the last Big Three meeting of WWII .   At Potsdam, the Big Three leaders demanded unconditional...

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U.S. Economy

In 1942, the Office of Economic Stabilization (OES) was created to combat rising inflation. Under this mandate, the OES controlled the allocation of scarce raw materials for wartime industrial production. In May 1943, the Office of War Mobilization (OWM) was...

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The Most Beautiful

The Most Beautiful was a 1944 Japanese propaganda film, written and directed by Akira Kurosawa. Young women working in a WWII military optics factory overcome many personal hardships in patriotic commitment to wartime Imperial Japan.  ...

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Nylons & WWII

In the 1930s, silk was the preferred material for women's stockings. But they were expensive and not very durable. When DuPont began manufacturing nylon in 1939, most American women switched from silk to nylon stockings. High demand brought shortages in 1942 after the...

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War Bonds

In 1917 the U.S. government issued Liberty Bonds to raise money for its involvement in WWI. After the war, these bonds were sold as Baby bonds. In the summer of 1940, with Fascist gains in the European war, discrete preparations for possible U.S. involvement in the...

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Zippo Lighter

      Zippo Lighter   Manufacture of the American Zippo lighter was inspired by the Austrian cigarette lighter made from spent ammunition shells by IMCO. The IMCO lighter was used by German troops throughout WWII. IMCO lighter   The American Zippo Manufacturing...

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Economic Reality Japan

    Country % of Total War making Potential United States 41.7% Germany 14.4% USSR 14.0% UK 10.2% France 4.2% Japan 3.5% Italy 2.5% Seven Powers (total)            (90.5%) Even in the midst of economic doldrums, wartime USA still had: Nearly twice the population of...

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U.S. Women WWII

During WWII, ~350,000 women served in the U.S. Armed Forces at home and abroad.  Additionally, with many men leaving to enlist in the armed forces, the female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased from 27% in 1940 to 37% in 1945 when ~25% of married women worked...

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Food Insecurity Japan

Although Japan had become an industrialized nation in the early 20th century, it remained resource poor. Prior to WWII, limited efforts were made to raise agricultural production, but land reform that would increase tenure for the peasantry was firmly resisted by the...

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Food Rationing Germany

  Rationing was introduced in Germany shortly before the outbreak of war in 1939. Initially, clothing, shoes, leather, soap and most foodstuffs were rationed. Many homes and apartments were heated with steam radiators that required coal burning hot water heaters....

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▶Food is Ammunition

This WWII government film, with very explicit recommendations, emphasizes good nutrition as a weapon of war. "Eventual victory in this war may depend on what we eat." Although rationing was imposed in the USA, food insecurity was never an issue for Americans during...

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All Out For Victory

After the entry of the U S. into WWII, many manufacturers such as the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company de-emphasized the sale of their products and services in their advertising campaigns in favor of demonstrating their support the war effort. Advertising was...

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Detroit Race Riot

In June 1943 a race riot erupted in Detroit Michigan, a city brimming with ~400,000 wartime migrants competing for jobs and housing. Fueled by false rumors of racial attacks in both black and white communities, the rioting continued from June 20 until June 22 when...

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Winterhilfswerk Welfare

The National Socialist People’s Welfare Organization (Nationalsozialistische Volkswohlfahrt) conducted an annual winter drive (Winterhilfswerk) with the slogan "None shall starve nor freeze." Although the program was established before the Nazi's rise to power,...

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Victory Gardens

This 1943 U.S. Army instructional film, made with Hollywood animators and the voice of Mel Blanc as Private Snafu ,  provides interesting insight into possible concerns of overseas American troops. During WWII, the government rationed foods including sugar, butter,...

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Bracero Program 

In early 1942, due to an insufficient labor force, the USA was experiencing a shortage of food and other goods. As a temporary solution, the U.S. and Mexico devised an agreement to import Mexican laborers into the USA through the Bracero program  (someone who works...

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Slave Labor – Nazi Germany

  Like Imperial Japan, many corporations in Nazi Germany also used slave labor. Although modern Germany has done much better than Japan in discussing Nazi era atrocities and use of slave labor, there appear to be certain groups that would like to keep the matter...

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Fanta and the Nazis

Due to a trade embargo imposed in 1941, Nazi Germany was no longer able to import Coca Cola syrup.  Coca-Cola Deutschland (Coca-Cola GmbH) decided to create a new product for the German market, using ingredients available in Germany at the time - sweetened whey and...

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