Race-Based Education USA

In 1946 A US district court case in Orange County, Ca., Mendez vs. Westminster, ruled that race-based public school enrollment was illegal. During the trial, the Mendez family's attorney presented social science evidence that segregation resulted in feelings of...

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Fulbright Scholarship

Aug 1, 1946  President Truman signed the Fulbright Program into law, establishing the scholarships named for Arkansas Sen. William J. Fulbright.   After WWII, Senator J. William Fulbright proposed that the U.S. government sell surplus war property to fund an...

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Our Job in Japan

Our Job in Japan, a training film for American soldiers assigned to occupation forces in Japan, begins with a description of the Japanese brain that has been duped by military leaders. The film details Japanese barbarity during the war and advises taking no chances...

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The German War

  Using German archival records and letters and diaries of both civilians and soldiers during WWII, The German War - A Nation Under Arms, 1939–1945  by Nicholas Stargardt is a fascinating book that illustrates the strong civilian support for Germany's armed forces...

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Food Rationing Germany

  Rationing was introduced in Germany shortly before the outbreak of war in 1939. Initially, clothing, shoes, leather, soap and most foodstuffs were rationed. Many homes and apartments were heated with steam radiators that required coal burning hot water heaters....

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▶Food is Ammunition

This WWII government film, with very explicit recommendations, emphasizes good nutrition as a weapon of war. "Eventual victory in this war may depend on what we eat." Although rationing was imposed in the USA, food insecurity was never an issue for Americans during...

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Private Snafu

Private Snafu was a WWII US Army cartoon character in a series of War Department short subjects produced from 1943-1945. The films were intended to teach military personnel about security, sanitation, booby traps etc. and to boost morale. The Private Snafu series,...

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Youth in the Third Reich

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WVUAIPMsZ60 After gaining control of the government in the early 1930s, the Nazis radically altered Germany's educational system. History was re-written along the intolerant lines of Aryan beliefs. Old texts, non-conforming teachers,...

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Education in Imperial Japan

After opening to the West in the late 19th century, Imperial Japan created a public school system based closely on the American model with additional emphasis on traditional Japanese values. Reflecting Confucian principles, a social hierarchy, with the Meiji state at...

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Great Japan Youth Party

The Great Japan Youth Party (大日本青年党), later known as the Great Japan Sincerity Association (大日本赤誠会), was founded in 1937 with a structure similar to Nazi Germany's Hitler Youth. The stated aim of the organization was to teach Japanese youth basic survival skills,...

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Hitler Youth

From 1933-1945, the Hitlerjugend  (Hitler Youth) was the sole official youth organization in Nazi Germany. This quasi-paramilitary organization was made up of: - Hitlerjugend proper) for male youth aged 14-18 yrs. - Deutsches Jungvolk (German Youth) for boys 10-14...

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HEIMAT

This excellent 11-part mini-series, filmed for German television in 1984, relates the stories of people living in a small village in the Hunsrück Rhineland-Palatinate region of  Germany through the years 1919-1982. The series follows the citizens of the fictional...

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Aryans – Herrenvolk

  In the late 19th century, the concept of an "Aryan" race proposed that the descendants of Indo-European language speakers constituted a distinct sub-race of Caucasians. Although originally intended only as a linguistic classification, proponents of white supremacism...

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Produce Now for Victory!

  Excerpt from War facts: a handbook for speakers on war production was published in 1942 by the Office for Emergency Management, an office established by administrative order, May 25, 1940 to assist the President in clearing information on defense measures. It...

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Militarized Sports in Japan

In 1925 the Imperial Japanese Ministry of Education and the Department of War began to attach military officers to public schools to establish a military training system. In 1931 instruction in budo, the traditional martial arts of Japan,  became compulsory for all...

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Japanese-American Teachers Forced to Resign

  In February 1942, pressured by the press and a petition circulated by a group of white mothers, the Seattle School Board forced the resignation of 27 employees who were American citizens of Japanese ancestry. The dismissed teachers, at the insistence of James...

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Shifting View of Japanese History

Japan’s conservative government is considering a requirement that school history textbooks nurture patriotism and include nationalist views of World War II, a departure from the current mainstream texts.   A Shifting View of Japanese History -...

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American High School Girls

WavingGirls1940; Wikimedia Commons. In contrast to their Japanese counterparts, these American school girls on the way to a WPA camp in Louisiana wore no...

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Japanese Schoolgirl Uniform

Japanese school uniform - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fashioned after Western style naval uniforms in the late19th century, many such uniforms are still worn in Japan...

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Town Meeting of the Air

From 1935-1956, NBC's  America's Town Meeting of the Air reached ~ 3 million listeners and more than 1,000 discussion groups debating the issues across the nation. Listen here  ...

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Dick and Jane School Readers

. In the 1930s, vocabulary and syntax of texts used in American primary schools was strictly controlled. The Dick and Jane series, created in 1930 by William H. Elson and Dr. William S. Gray,  was the...

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Student Activism – USA

In the 1930s, the Communist-led National Student League of high school and college students joined with the Socialist Student League for Industrial Democracy to form the American Student Union (ASU). The ASU promoted extensive reforms of federal aid to education,...

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The Only Son

Ozu Ojiro's lyrical film The Only Son, unfolding in 1923, 1935 and 1936, depicts the contrast between rural and urban Japanese life. An ironic view of failed ambition, the film focuses on the relationship between a rural widowed mother who labored to get her son an...

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Medical Education USA

After publication of the Flexner report in 1910, admission and graduation requirements for U.S. medical schools became very rigorous, and adherence to the scientific method in patient care and research was emphasized. Many medical schools were closed and most that met...

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