Japanese Medical Schools

In pre-WWII Imperial Japan there were 18 university-based medical schools with high academic standards. Prerequisite for admission were 6 years of primary school, 5 of middle school and 3 years of special science in a higher school or a university preparatory school....

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American Schools Cut Corners

My mother's first class in 1931. In the 1930s USA, with devaluation of property and/or taxes often unpaid, many school districts were forced to cut corners by paying teachers less, charging tuition or shortening academic terms. Additionally, parents often couldn’t...

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Education in Imperial Japan

In the late 1930s, the  educational curriculum of Imperial japan grew increasingly ultranationalist with an emphasis on Emperor worship, loyalty to the state and the importance of ancient military virtues. At the start of the Pacific war in 1941, an average National...

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Boys, be ambitious!

In 1876, Professor William S. Clark, an American biochemist, established the Sapporo Agricultural College in Hokkaido. His brief, successful tenure left a strong impression on the Japanese higher educational system.  Clark’s parting words to his Japanese students,...

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The Monkey Trial

Although the fundamentalist orator William Jennings Bryan won the case for the state of Tennessee, the immense publicity of the trial swung much national opinion toward Clarence Darrow in defense of modernism. While legislation prohibiting the teaching of evolutionary...

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