Dick and Jane School Readers

Dick and Jane School Readers

. In the 1930s, vocabulary and syntax of texts used in American primary schools was strictly controlled. The Dick and Jane series, created in 1930 by William H. Elson and Dr. William S. Gray,  was the prototype.

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Student Activism – USA

Student Activism – USA

In the 1930s, the Communist-led National Student League of high school and college students joined with the Socialist Student League for Industrial Democracy to form the American Student Union (ASU). The ASU promoted extensive reforms of federal aid to education,...

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The Only Son

The Only Son

Ozu Ojiro's lyrical film The Only Son, unfolding in 1923, 1935 and 1936, depicts the contrast between rural and urban Japanese life. An ironic view of failed ambition, the film focuses on the relationship between a rural widowed mother who labored to get her son an...

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Medical Education USA

Medical Education USA

After publication of the Flexner report in 1910, admission and graduation requirements for U.S. medical schools became very rigorous, and adherence to the scientific method in patient care and research was emphasized. Many medical schools were closed and most that met...

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Japanese Medical Schools

Japanese Medical Schools

In pre-WWII Imperial Japan there were 18 university-based medical schools with high academic standards. Prerequisite for admission were 6 years of primary school, 5 of middle school and 3 years of special science in a higher school or a university preparatory school....

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American Schools Cut Corners

American Schools Cut Corners

My mother's first class in 1931. In the 1930s USA, with devaluation of property and/or taxes often unpaid, many school districts were forced to cut corners by paying teachers less, charging tuition or shortening academic terms. Additionally, parents often couldn’t...

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Education in Imperial Japan

Education in Imperial Japan

In the late 1930s, the  educational curriculum of Imperial japan grew increasingly ultranationalist with an emphasis on Emperor worship, loyalty to the state and the importance of ancient military virtues. At the start of the Pacific war in 1941, an average National...

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Boys, be ambitious!

Boys, be ambitious!

In 1876, Professor William S. Clark, an American biochemist, established the Sapporo Agricultural College in Hokkaido. His brief, successful tenure left a strong impression on the Japanese higher educational system.  Clark’s parting words to his Japanese students,...

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The Monkey Trial

The Monkey Trial

Although the fundamentalist orator William Jennings Bryan won the case for the state of Tennessee, the immense publicity of the trial swung much national opinion toward Clarence Darrow in defense of modernism. While legislation prohibiting the teaching of evolutionary...

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