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Understanding our world and that of our enemies

Nixon-Khruschev Kitchen Debate

Nixon-Khruschev Kitchen Debate

https://youtu.be/XRgOz2x9c08 During a visit to the Soviet Union in July 1959, Vice President Richard Nixon got into a "kitchen debate" with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev at a US exhibition.  Source: Wikipedia

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Hawaii Becomes 50th State 

Hawaii Becomes 50th State 

In August 1959 President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a proclamation admitting Hawaii into the Union as the 50th state. The new American flag, featuring 50 stars arranged in staggered rows became official July 4, 1960. Source: History.com

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Superman George Reeves Dies

Superman George Reeves Dies

https://youtu.be/p0swAKS-5qA George Reeves (born George Keefer Brewer in 1914) died from a gunshot in June1959. He was best known for the television series Adventures of Superman (1952–1958). Reeves death at age 45 remains controversial. Although ruled...

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Ho Chi Minh Trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail

  In May 1959 the Peoples’ Army of Vietnam’s Military Transportation Group 559 was established in North Vietnam. The group ultimately created and maintained the Ho Chi Minh Trail to facilitate the infiltratiion of troops and supplies from North Vietnam in support...

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First Grammy Awards

First Grammy Awards

https://youtu.be/t4IjJav7xbg I think that dream like that Will never return I painted my hands And face blue Then all of sudden I was Abducted by the wind And I started to fly In the infinite sky .... first verse (https://lyricstranslate.com) The First Grammy...

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Uprising in Tibet

Uprising in Tibet

https://youtu.be/cxSDhng2PQg Encyclopedia Britannica In March 1959 a revolt erupted in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, which had been under the effective control of the People's Republic of China since 1951. The uprising occurred amid general Tibetan...

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Barbie Doll Released

Barbie Doll Released

https://youtu.be/9hhjjhYGQtY In March 1959 the Barbie doll was unveiled by the American Toy Fair in New York City. Doll No. 1 was sold by Mattel Toy Company for $3.  Source: History.com

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The Day the Music Died

The Day the Music Died

On a February 3, 1959 tour of the Midwest, rock and roll musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and "The Big Bopper" J. P. Richardson were killed in a plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa, together with pilot Roger Peterson. https://youtu.be/9mDGcxbAusg...

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Rawhide

Rawhide

Rawhide was an American Western TV series starring Eric Fleming and Clint Eastwood that aired on the CBS network for 7 1/2 years. The series was produced by Charles Marquis Warren, who also produced early episodes of Gunsmoke. The show is fondly remembered...

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Alaska Becomes 49th State

Alaska Becomes 49th State

In January 1959, President Eisenhower signed a special proclamation admitting the territory of Alaska into the Union as the 49th and largest state. Although indigenous peoples inhabited the region for centuries, Europeans first discovered Alaska in 1741. Russian...

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Fidel Castro’s Forces Triumphant

Fidel Castro’s Forces Triumphant

Fidel and Raul Castro formed an underground movement in the early 1950s to overthrow the brutal and corrupt regime of the dictator Fulgencio Batista, under whose rule Cuba had become a haven for organized crime. After an unsuccessful rising against Batista in 1953 the...

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Pope John XXIII Crowned

Pope John XXIII Crowned

Pope John XXIII  was head of the Catholic Church from October 1958 until his death in 1963. Born in 1881 as  Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, he was one of thirteen children in a family of sharecroppers who lived in a village...

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Kingston Trio – Tom Dooley 

Kingston Trio – Tom Dooley 

The Kingston Trio, an American folk and pop group from San Fancisco helped launch the folk music revival of the late 1950s. The original lineup of Dave Guard, Bob Shane, and Nick Reynolds rose to international popularity fueled by an...

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Boris Pasternak Forced to Decline Nobel Prize

Boris Pasternak Forced to Decline Nobel Prize

Growing up in Moscow, the son of an artist and concert pianist, Boris Pasternak anandoned a career as a composer to study philosophy in Germany. On returning to Moscow, he became an author and was awarded the 1958 Nobel Prize for literature. His novel Doctor Zhivago...

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Pope Pius XII Dies

Pope Pius XII Dies

Pope Pius XII (born in 1876 as Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli) died on October 9, 1958 after a long, tumultuous, and controversial pontificate (1939–58). During his reign, Pius XII faced the ravages of World War II, the abuses of...

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Little Rock Voters Close Public Schools 

Little Rock Voters Close Public Schools 

In September 1958, Gov. Orval Faubus closed all Little Rock, Arkansas public high schools for one year rather than allow integration to continue, leaving 3,665 black and white students without access to public education. Source: Library of Congress.

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Martin Luther King Jr. Stabbed

Martin Luther King Jr. Stabbed

https://youtu.be/bhm5tE5e4FY In September 1958  Martin Luther King Jr. was autographing copies of his memoir Stride Toward Freedom (about the Montgomery bus strike) in a Harlem department store when a 42-year-old African American woman plunged a seven-inch penknife...

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Independence Day

Independence Day

https://youtu.be/XRLRKNXVuTY Independence Day (Fourth of July) is a federal holiday commemorating the Declaration of Independence of the United States, which was ratified by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. Congress declared that the thirteen American...

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Second Taiwan Strait Crisis

Second Taiwan Strait Crisis

https://youtu.be/lS2DPx-4sbI 1958 Taiwan Strait Crisis, was a conflict between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC). The PRC shelled the islands of Kinmen(Quemoy) and the Matsu Islands along the east coast...

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USS Nautilus Submarine Travels Beneath North Pole

USS Nautilus Submarine Travels Beneath North Pole

https://youtu.be/vjK126hN4qc USS Nautilus (SSN-571) was the world's first operational nuclear-powered submarine and the first submarine to complete a submerged transit of the North Pole in August 1958. The nuclear submarine...

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Loving v. Virginia Landmark Court Case

Loving v. Virginia Landmark Court Case

Loving v. Virginia was a 1958 Supreme Court case that struck down state laws banning interracial marriage in the United States. With the help of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Richard and Mildred Loving, a white man and Black woman whose marriage was...

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US Marines Sent To Lebanon

US Marines Sent To Lebanon

https://youtu.be/0qFbBgDFzBM In July 1958 President Eisenhower ordered 5,000 US Marines to Lebanon, at the request of that country’s president, to face a perceived threat by Muslim rebels and help end a short-lived civil war. Eisenhower justified his decision to send...

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Cuban Rebels Capture US Sailors & Marines

Cuban Rebels Capture US Sailors & Marines

In June 1958, Cuban rebel forces captured 29 Sailors and Marines as they returned to Guantamano from leave in Cuba. The hostages were detained in the hills for 22 days, then released . Source: Naval Technology

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