Black Panther Party

Black Panther Party

https://youtu.be/B8SRcIbLQBg In October 1966  Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton founded the Black Panther Party in the United States.

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James Meredith Shot in Solo Civil Rights March 

James Meredith Shot in Solo Civil Rights March 

In June 1966 James Meredith planned a solo 220-mile  March Against Fear from Memphis, Tennessee, to Jackson, Mississippi to highlight continuing racism in the South and encourage voter registration. On the second day, he was shot by a white sniper and suffered...

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Selma to Montgomery Civil Rights March

Selma to Montgomery Civil Rights March

In March 1965 Alabama State Troopers attacked over 500 civil rights demonstrators in Selma, Alabama, as they attempted to march to the state capitol of Montgomery. Source: Wikipedia

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Sidney Poitier Wins Academy Award

Sidney Poitier Wins Academy Award

https://youtu.be/8aL0ml00S9Q In 1964 Sidney Poitier became the first African-American to win an Academy Award in the category Best Actor in a Leading Role in Lilies of the Field.

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Freedom Riders

Freedom Riders

Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated Southern United States in 1961 and subsequent years to challenge the non-enforcement of US Supreme court rulings that segregated public buses were unconstitutional. Source:...

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UN Condemns South African Apartheid

UN Condemns South African Apartheid

https://youtu.be/odXAghDLWKM In April 1961 the UN General Assembly condemned South Africa's apartheid policy. Leading the resistance to South Africa’s policy of apartheid in the 20th century, Nelson Mandela was incarcerated by the South African government...

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Civil Rights Act of 1960

Civil Rights Act of 1960

https://youtu.be/9ppTiyxFSs0 The Civil Rights Act of 1960 was a United States federal law establishing federal inspection of local voter registration polls. The act introduced penalties for anyone who obstructed someone's attempt to register...

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Greensboro Sit-ins

Greensboro Sit-ins

https://youtu.be/tjeVqNcN5yI In February 1960 four black North Carolina A&T students staged the first of the historic 1960s sit-ins at a dime store lunch counter where they had been refused service. Source: History.com

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Little Rock Voters Close Public Schools 

Little Rock Voters Close Public Schools 

In September 1958, Gov. Orval Faubus closed all Little Rock, Arkansas public high schools for one year rather than allow integration to continue, leaving 3,665 black and white students without access to public education. Source: Library of Congress.

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Martin Luther King Jr. Stabbed

Martin Luther King Jr. Stabbed

https://youtu.be/bhm5tE5e4FY In September 1958  Martin Luther King Jr. was autographing copies of his memoir Stride Toward Freedom (about the Montgomery bus strike) in a Harlem department store when a 42-year-old African American woman plunged a seven-inch penknife...

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Loving v. Virginia Landmark Court Case

Loving v. Virginia Landmark Court Case

Loving v. Virginia was a 1958 Supreme Court case that struck down state laws banning interracial marriage in the United States. With the help of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Richard and Mildred Loving, a white man and Black woman whose marriage was...

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Arkansas National Guard Prevents School Desegregation

Arkansas National Guard Prevents School Desegregation

In September 1957, as a test of Brown v. Board of Education, nine Black students enrolled at formerly all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Governor Orval Faubus called in the Arkansas National Guard to block the Black students’ entry into the high...

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Nat King Cole Attacked on Birmingham Alabama Stage

Nat King Cole Attacked on Birmingham Alabama Stage

https://youtu.be/3PHQQRB5_w8 In April 1956, African American singer and pianist Nat King Cole was knocked down by a group of white men while he was performing before an all-white audience in Birmingham, Alabama. Before the attack, a drunk man near the front row...

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Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

https://youtu.be/pxTWb38NERg In December 1955 an African-American woman named Rosa Parks was arrested for refusal to surrender her seat to a white person on a Montgomery Alabama public bus. The subsequent Montgomery bus boycott lasted from December 1955 to...

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US Supreme Court Orders End to Racial Segregation

US Supreme Court Orders End to Racial Segregation

https://youtu.be/TTGHLdr-iak With its 1954  Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka unanimous (9–0) decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that state laws establishing racial segregation in public schools were unconstitutional, even if the...

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Marian Anderson Sings at the Met

Marian Anderson Sings at the Met

https://youtu.be/J-Q8MbUsWac In 1955, at the age of 58, Marian Anderson became the first African-American soloist to sing at New York's Metropolitan Opera. Singing the role of the sorceress Ulrica in Verdi's Un ballo en maschera, Anderson later said: "I was...

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Brown v. Board of Education

Brown v. Board of Education

In the landmark 1954 Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka the justices ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional.  The case became one of the cornerstones of the civil rights movement,...

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Al Jolson

Al Jolson

https://youtu.be/KD_YRnuuKyY Al Jolson, born Asa Yoelson, was an American singer, comedian, and actor who lived from 1886-1950. In the 1920s, Jolson was immensely popular as America's highest-paid entertainer. In 1927  Jolson starred in  The Jazz Singer, the...

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First Black NBA Player

First Black NBA Player

https://youtu.be/08IK0FjcPss In 1950 Chuck Cooper an All-American basketball player from Duquesne University (a private Catholic school in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania) was selected in the second round by the Boston Celtics. Cooper thus became the first...

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God Bless America

God Bless America

Kate Smith' s version of Irving Berlin's song God Bless America has been part of American sports tradition for decades. https://youtu.be/-BIoN9bWTMo However, a recent revelation that she also recorded two songs with racist content in the 1930s (That's Why Darkies Were...

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Civil Rights 1949

Civil Rights 1949

The Law of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties: A Handbook of Your Basic Rights, by Edwin S. Newman, Oceana Publications 1949.  In 1949, racism was still firmly rooted in the laws of many individual statest in the United States of America. States without stripes or...

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