Khrushchev & Eisenhower Meet at Camp David 

Khrushchev & Eisenhower Meet at Camp David 

  In September 1959 Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev made an extended visit to the USA. While visiting Los Angeles, Khrushchev was infuriated when barred from visiting Disneyland because of security concerns. Khruschev and President Eisenhower met at Camp David in...

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Russian Probe Luna 2 Strikes Moon Surface

Russian Probe Luna 2 Strikes Moon Surface

  In September 1959, Luna 2, the sixth Russian spacecraft launched to the moon, was the first spacecraft to reach the moon's surface and the first man-made object to make contact with another celestial body. Luna 2 impacted on the Moon's surface at...

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Nixon-Khruschev Kitchen Debate

Nixon-Khruschev Kitchen Debate

https://youtu.be/XRgOz2x9c08 During a visit to the Soviet Union in July 1959, Vice President Richard Nixon got into a "kitchen debate" with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev at a US exhibition.  Source: Wikipedia

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Boris Pasternak Forced to Decline Nobel Prize

Boris Pasternak Forced to Decline Nobel Prize

Growing up in Moscow, the son of an artist and concert pianist, Boris Pasternak anandoned a career as a composer to study philosophy in Germany. On returning to Moscow, he became an author and was awarded the 1958 Nobel Prize for literature. His novel Doctor Zhivago...

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Execution of Hungarian Communist Leader 

Execution of Hungarian Communist Leader 

Imre Nagy served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People's Republic from 1953 to 1955. In 1956 Nagy. a committed communist, became leader of the Hungarian Revolution against the Soviet-backed government....

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U.S. plan to explore space near the moon

U.S. plan to explore space near the moon

https://youtu.be/38pfWCaSZ9Y During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union began to build powerful new rockets—which they would eventually use to send humans into space and, ultimately, to the moon. In 1958 NASA launched Project Mercury with three...

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Van Cliburn wins Moscow Competition

Van Cliburn wins Moscow Competition

In April 1958, at the height of the Cold War, the Texan pianist, Van Cliburn won the International Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow. Because the contest was intended to demonstrate Soviet cultural superiority, the judges asked permission of Soviet leader Nikita...

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USSR Declares Atomic Testing Halt 

USSR Declares Atomic Testing Halt 

https://youtu.be/QrNN5ZhsC1I   In March 1958 the Soviet Union declared it was halting tests of atomic and hydrogen bombs. It called on the other nuclear powers, the United States and Britain, to do the same. Moscow warned that it would resume testing if their example...

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John Birch Society

John Birch Society

https://youtu.be/mide9z5q_3c In 1958 the John Birch Society, an American ultraconservative political advocacy group was founded by retired candy manufacturer Robert Welch to promote anti-communism and social conservatism. At its height,...

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Eisenhower Warns of Communist Threat

Eisenhower Warns of Communist Threat

Text of January 1958 address: The threat to our safety, and to the hope of a peaceful world, can be simply stated. It is communist imperialism. This threat is not something imagined by critics of the Soviets. Soviet spokesmen, from the beginning, have publicly and...

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SPUTNIK 1 ~ Fellow Traveler

SPUTNIK 1 ~ Fellow Traveler

https://youtu.be/xKuz7JmENek In October 1957 Sputnik 1 was launched into an elliptical low Earth orbit by the Soviet Union. The satellite orbited for three weeks before its batteries ran out. It continued to orbit the planet for two months before it...

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Eisenhower Doctrine

Eisenhower Doctrine

https://youtu.be/1N1_JGG4XX8 In January 1957 President Eisenhower declared that US forces could be deployed to protect the territorial integrity and political independence of nations from overt armed aggression by any nation controlled by international communism....

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Khrushchev Denounces “Dictator” Stalin

Khrushchev Denounces “Dictator” Stalin

After the death of Josef Stalin in 1953, little criticism regarding his leadership was tolerated until, in a closed session of 1,500 delegates and visitors in 1956 First Secretary of the Communist Party Nikita Khrushchev denounced The Personality Cult of Josef Stalin...

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Big Four Meeting in Geneva Reduces International Tension

Big Four Meeting in Geneva Reduces International Tension

https://youtu.be/1KURFzVpqm4 The stated mission of the November 1955 Geneva summit was to reduce international tensions between the leaders of "Big Four" nations France, Great Britain, USA and USSR. The world leaders discussed issues on security,...

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President Eisenhower’s Open Skies Proposal Rejected

President Eisenhower’s Open Skies Proposal Rejected

https://youtu.be/4DH3c9WJMQU The concept of "mutual aerial observation" initially proposed to Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin at the Geneva Conference of 1955 by U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, was promptly rejected by the USSR...

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Georgy Malenkov Resigns

Georgy Malenkov Resigns

In 1953, Georgy Maximilianovich Malenkov briefly succeeded Joseph Stalin as the leader of the Soviet Union. However, at the insistence of the rest of the Presidium, he relinquished control over the party apparatus in exchange for...

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West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization

West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization

https://youtu.be/0rICHFt7Gg4 In 1949, the Americans, British, and French combined their zones of occupation in West Germany to establish the Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany). The Soviets responded by forming the Deutsche Demokratische Republik...

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Joseph Stalin Dies

Joseph Stalin Dies

In March 1953 Joseph Stalin died of a stroke at his personal dacha near Moscow. After a state funeral, his body was interred along with Vladimir Lenin in a mausoleum within the Kremlin. Like America's President Roosevelt, Stalin's health had deteriorated towards the...

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Nikita Khrushchev

Nikita Khrushchev

After Joseph Stalin’s death in March 1953 and the execution of the powerful state security chief, Lavrenty Beria—which Khrushchev engineered—Nikita Khrushchev engaged in a power struggle with Georgy Malenkov, who was Stalin’s heir apparent....

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Soviets Test Their First Hydrogen Bomb

Soviets Test Their First Hydrogen Bomb

Throughout the late 1940s, aware that thermonuclear weapons were developed by the United States, the Soviet Union worked to develop a hydrogen bomb to counter the perceived Cold War threat. Soviet physicist Andrei Sakharov (considered the father of the Soviet...

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Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Executed

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Executed

https://youtu.be/iP56uHh-p5g In 1951 the American citizens Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg, were convicted of spying on behalf of the Soviet Union. In June 1953 the Rosenbergs were both executed in the Sing Sing correctional...

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USSR Acknowledges It Has Atomic Bomb

USSR Acknowledges It Has Atomic Bomb

After the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the USSR utilized intelligence gathered from the German nuclear weapons project and the American Manhattan Project to aggressively pursue the development of a Russian atomic bomb. In August 1949, the...

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Radio Moscow

Radio Moscow

https://youtu.be/cznCttle760 Radio Moscow's interval signal. Radio Moscow (Pадио Москва) was the official international broadcasting station of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics until 1993. After the fall of the Soviet Union It was...

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Family Bomb Shelters for Atomic Attack

Family Bomb Shelters for Atomic Attack

https://youtu.be/8UW0LgiHFQQ As Cold War tension regarding the threat of Soviet nuclear attack rose in the 1950s, children learned to duck and cover under their school desks and many families across the country built fallout shelters in their basements and...

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Rosenbergs sentenced to death for espionage

Rosenbergs sentenced to death for espionage

https://youtu.be/5iUyF3YttgA Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were charged with conspiracy to commit espionage and brought to trial on March 6, 1951; On March 29 they were found guilty, and on April 5,1951 the couple was sentenced to death. https://youtu.be/7lfJC5bx3Us...

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