Patrice Lumumba Assasinated

Patrice Lumumba Assasinated

In January 1961 Patrice Lumumba, the 1st premier Congo, was murdered after 67 days in office. The US and Joseph Mobutu (Congolese politician and military officer) were implicated but no conclusive proof has emerged. In 2000 the Belgium Parliament opened an...

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Eisenhower’s “Military-Industrial Complex” Speech 

Eisenhower’s “Military-Industrial Complex” Speech 

As President of the United States for two terms, Eisenhower had slowed the push for increased defense spending despite pressure to build more military equipment during the Cold War arms race. Nonetheless, the American military services and the defense industry had...

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Castro Nationalizes American Companies

Castro Nationalizes American Companies

https://youtu.be/fXF8fegxjWc?t=13 In 1960, Fidel Castro nationalized all U.S.-owned businesses, including oil refineries, factories and casinos. This prompted the United States to end diplomatic relations and impose a trade embargo. Source: Counterpunch

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The Fantasticks

The Fantasticks

https://youtu.be/H3iEoZdImpY In May 1960 the musical "The Fantasticks" opened at the Sullivan Street Playhouse in Greenwich Village. Its feature song "Try to Remember" became very popular.

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The Cranes Are Flying

The Cranes Are Flying

Source: The Cranes are flying trailer - Google Search https://youtu.be/IkINuHcP6us TheSoviet film The Cranes Are Flying won the Palme d'Or at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival.

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First Kidney Dialysis Shunt

First Kidney Dialysis Shunt

https://youtu.be/xG82t_a3-i0 In March 1960 the first kidney dialysis shunt, developed by Dr. Belding H. Scribner, was planted in a kidney patient in Seattle Washington. The process, enabling ambulatory dialysis, first developed in the 1940s by Dr. Willem J. Kolff, had...

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Eisenhower Visits India

Eisenhower Visits India

https://youtu.be/vAcxBX225kw?t=6 In December 1959 President Dwight Eisenhower visited India and met with President Rajenda Prasad and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. In an address to the  Indian Parliament, Eisenhower said: “ We who are free, and who prize our...

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Ho Chi Minh Trail

Ho Chi Minh Trail

  In May 1959 the Peoples’ Army of Vietnam’s Military Transportation Group 559 was established in North Vietnam. The group ultimately created and maintained the Ho Chi Minh Trail to facilitate the infiltratiion of troops and supplies from North Vietnam in support...

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Fidel Castro Visits USA

Fidel Castro Visits USA

https://youtu.be/QJL1Rj1P_J0 In February 1959 Fidel Castro was sworn in as Prime Minister of Cuba. In April, Castro visited the U.S. on a "charm offensive" where Vice President Richard Nixon, described him as a sincere leader with naive ideas about...

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Second Taiwan Strait Crisis

Second Taiwan Strait Crisis

https://youtu.be/lS2DPx-4sbI 1958 Taiwan Strait Crisis, was a conflict between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC). The PRC shelled the islands of Kinmen(Quemoy) and the Matsu Islands along the east coast...

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Fidel Castro Behind Rebel Lines in Cuba

Fidel Castro Behind Rebel Lines in Cuba

Believing support for the revolution was waning, Cuba's president Fulgencio Batista called for a major military offensive against Fidel Castro's rebels in the Sierra Maestra mountains in the summer of 1958. But the rebels turned back the offensive, forcing the army to...

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The Bridge on the River Kwai

The Bridge on the River Kwai

https://youtu.be/RlC7XBayj0s At the 30th Academy Awards in 1958, The Bridge on the River Kwai won seven awards, including best picture of 1957. Its director, David Lean, and star Alec Guinness also received Oscars.  The Bridge on the River Kwai was based on...

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Eisenhower Warns of Communist Threat

Eisenhower Warns of Communist Threat

Text of January 1958 address: The threat to our safety, and to the hope of a peaceful world, can be simply stated. It is communist imperialism. This threat is not something imagined by critics of the Soviets. Soviet spokesmen, from the beginning, have publicly and...

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Distant Early Warning Line

Distant Early Warning Line

The Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line was the northernmost of three radar lines in Canada and Alaska. Designed to provide enough warning time of a nuclear attack to enable launching an effective counterattack, the DEW line was placed far north of the joint...

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Humphrey Bogart Dies

Humphrey Bogart Dies

https://youtu.be/KIHPx-Pj15s Humphrey DeForest Bogart - December 25, 1899 – January 14, 1957 Bogart’s breakthrough to stardom came with High Sierra (1941) and The Maltese Falcon (1941). His private detectives, Sam Spade (in The Maltese Falcon) and Phillip Marlowe in...

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Eisenhower Doctrine

Eisenhower Doctrine

https://youtu.be/1N1_JGG4XX8 In January 1957 President Eisenhower declared that US forces could be deployed to protect the territorial integrity and political independence of nations from overt armed aggression by any nation controlled by international communism....

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Suez Canal Crisis

Suez Canal Crisis

In June 1956 the 74-year British occupation of the Suez Canal ended. In July 1956 the Egyptian president, Gamal Abdel Nasser, nationalized the Suez Canal. In October 1956 Israeli brigades invaded Egypt and advanced toward the canal, routing Egyptian forces....

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War for Algerian Independence

War for Algerian Independence

https://youtu.be/10gK2Gbfbp4 The Algerian War was fought between France and the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) from 1954 to 1962 with Algeria ultimately winning independence. The war was characterized by guerrilla...

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US Hydrogen Bomb Dropped Over Bikini Atoll 

US Hydrogen Bomb Dropped Over Bikini Atoll 

In May 1956 the United States conducted the first airborne test of an improved hydrogen bomb. Dropped from a B-52 bomber over the island of Namu in the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, the successful test indicated that hydrogen bombs were viable airborne weapons...

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Big Four Meeting in Geneva Reduces International Tension

Big Four Meeting in Geneva Reduces International Tension

https://youtu.be/1KURFzVpqm4 The stated mission of the November 1955 Geneva summit was to reduce international tensions between the leaders of "Big Four" nations France, Great Britain, USA and USSR. The world leaders discussed issues on security,...

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President Eisenhower’s Open Skies Proposal Rejected

President Eisenhower’s Open Skies Proposal Rejected

https://youtu.be/4DH3c9WJMQU The concept of "mutual aerial observation" initially proposed to Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin at the Geneva Conference of 1955 by U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, was promptly rejected by the USSR...

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US Minimum Wage Raised to $1 an Hour

US Minimum Wage Raised to $1 an Hour

https://youtu.be/ZvuujSUYamc The minimum wage is the lowest remuneration that employers can legally pay their employees. Most countries introduced minimum wage legislation by the end of the 20th century.  Supporters of the minimum...

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